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The American Pit Bull Terrier is a companion and family dog ​​breed. Originally bred to "bait" bulls, the breed evolved into versatile farm dogs and then moved into the home to become "nanny dogs" because they were very affectionate with children.

The American Pit Bull Terrier is one of the so-called hooligan breeds, often referred to as a pit bull. In fact, "Pit Bull" is not a breed, but a term used to describe the American Pit Bull Terrier, Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier and Staffordshire Bull Terrier.

Some say the American Pit Bull Terrier is the same as the American Staffordshire Terrier. Others declare with the same determination that they are completely different breeds.

But all experts can agree that the confusion began with the AKC's decision in the early 1930s to give him a new name, the American Staffordshire Terrier, to separate him from his martial arts past. The American Pit Bull Terrier was not recognized by the AKC, while the slightly smaller American Staffordshire Terrier was.

Bull breeds are often misunderstood. The qualities that make these dogs stubborn obedience and agility gamers also attract very unscrupulous people looking for strong competitors for their dog fighting rings. Unfortunately, bull breeds, in particular the APBT, have acquired a reputation for being dangerous in recent years.

There is nothing further from the truth. But the rampant misinformation and fear generated by the actions of a minority of dogs kept by criminally negligent people have provoked laws against the breed in several cities and countries around the world.

As an American Pit Bull Terrier owner, you should be aware that you may be met with anger and hostility from people misinformed about your wonderful dog. This breed is not for everyone, especially those who are unwilling to spend time learning and socializing and are unable or unwilling to provide consistent, solid leadership.

Американский питбуль

The American Pit Bull Terrier, raised with proper training and socialization, will be an excellent companion for children. He is affectionate and gentle with people, and often makes a lousy guard dog due to his tendency to wag his tail to greet the person at the door. American Pit Bull Terriers are loyal and devoted to their family and, if necessary, will protect them to death.

These dogs are extremely intelligent and can be easily trained in commands and tricks. They have a zest for life and love to participate in everything that happens around them. They retain their puppy appearance into adulthood, and this vitality makes them the joy of life. Once you get to know and become familiar with this breed, you will be surprised how you have ever lived without it.

Features of the

  • American Pit Bull Terriers are not the best choice for people who pay little or no attention to them.
  • They need to be trained and socialized at a young age to overcome the breed's tendency to be stubborn and overbearing, which, combined with its strength, can make it difficult to manage if it doesn't know you are in their hands.
  • Your American Pit Bull Terrier should be kept on a leash in public to prevent aggression towards other dogs. Running in dog parks is not a good idea. Although they may not start a fight, they will never give up on it and will fight to the end. American Pit Bulls that are not well socialized like puppies can become aggressive towards other dogs.
  • Breed-specific legislation almost always includes that breed. Be aware of the regulations in your area, as well as in neighboring areas if you are traveling with a dog.
  • American Pit Bull Terriers are very fond of chewing, and the powerful jaws allow you to quickly deal with cheap or fragile toys. Only give away sturdy, sturdy toys that should not be chewed or swallowed.
  • American Pit Bull Terriers are best for owners who can offer solid, honest training and gentle, consistent discipline.

History

Bull and Terrier breeds were developed in England at the beginning of the 19th century for the popular spectacular sports of bull and bear baiting. When these sports were declared inhuman and banned in 1835, dog fighting arose in their place - and thus it became a genetic line of dog aggression.

But another part of this breed's genetic makeup is its reluctance to bite humans. The handlers entering the dogfighting ring wanted to be able to separate the dogs without getting hurt. Pretty soon, the breed gained a reputation as a strong protective dog, but also known for its tenderness and family friendliness.

When these "bulls" accompanied immigrants to America, they began a new career as versatile farm dogs. Their duties included hunting wild animals, protecting property from intruders, and ensuring friendships. In keeping with the "bigger is better" worldview of their new country, the settlers raised the dog larger than in England.

In 1898, the UKC, the British equivalent of the AKC, named these bull dogs the American Pit Bull Terrier. The AKC decided to recognize the breed in the early 1930s, but under a new name. Intending to separate him from past pit fights, the AKC named him the American Staffordshire Terrier.

Since then, the American Staffordshire Terrier has been bred for AKC looks or dog shows, but the American Pit Bull Terrier has not. The result is very slight differences in physique and character.

Американский питбуль

The size

Growth from 45.7 to 48 centimeters for males, from 43 to 45.7 centimeters for females. Weight ranges from 13.6 to 38.5 kilograms.

Personality

These dogs love people and have no idea that their size is anything that prevents them from being lapdogs. Confident and acutely aware of their surroundings, they are watchdogs because they can alert you to the presence of strangers, but this is primarily because they want to welcome “their” guests.

While their love for humans makes them losers as watchdogs, their courage is unmatched and they will protect their family with their lives.

Like any dog, American Pit Bull Terriers need early socialization - getting to know a lot of different people, looks, sounds, and experiences - in their youth. Socializing helps ensure that your puppy grows up to be a versatile dog.

Health

American Pit Bull Terriers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all American Pit Bull Terriers will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

  • Hip dysplasia (HD): This condition is an abnormality of the joint and glenoid cavity. This can be very painful depending on the severity of the condition. Dogs about to be bred should have an x-ray of their thighs at 2 years of age to make sure they do not have this condition.
  • Allergies: Allergies are fairly common among APBT / AmStaffs. Skin allergies are commonly caused by environmental allergens such as fleas, grass, pollen and dust, and may be food-related, but less common. Common food allergens include beef, rice, wheat, and corn. Allergies can cause severe itching and discomfort, which means dogs will sometimes dig and chew until bleeding begins. This is risky because secondary infections can develop in the damaged tissue. To treat allergies, it is necessary to identify the cause and, if possible, eliminate it from the dog's environment. Your veterinarian can help you with this, and also tell you what allergy symptoms can be controlled with medication.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is a dysfunction of the thyroid gland that causes weight gain, poor coat, reproductive problems, and other problems. This usually occurs in middle-aged dogs and can be controlled by daily medication that must be continued throughout the dog's life.
  • Heart disease. Heart disease affects these dogs in several forms, of which aortic stenosis is the most common. Aortic stenosis is a congenital heart disease, that is, a dog is born with it. This is an abnormal narrowing of the junction between the left ventricle and the aorta. Some dogs have no or only minor symptoms, while others may have little energy or even sudden death. If your veterinarian hears a heart murmur, a chest x-ray and electrocardiogram can confirm the diagnosis.

Care

Expect to spend about an hour a day walking, playing with this dog, or otherwise training it. Although they love people, American Pit Bull Terriers are strong because of their size and can be stubborn if left on their own. Start obedience training as early as possible and continue throughout the dog's life. Training is the foundation of a strong relationship with your American Pit Bull Terrier.

American Pit Bull Terriers should not be left outside for long periods of time because they do not tolerate the cold well. Even regardless of the climate, these dogs work best as pets. They are deeply attached to their families and will suffer if left alone for long.

Американский питбуль

Food

Recommended daily intake: 1.5 to 2.5 glasses of quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

NOTE. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans and not all need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

To prevent obesity, measure your dog's food and give food at a specific time every day, rather than leaving food all the time. When you look at him from top to bottom, he should have a waist, and you should feel his ribs under the layer of muscles, but not see them. If the ribs are hidden by accumulations of fat, your dog needs to go on a diet.

To learn more about feeding the American Pit Bull Terrier, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

Coat color and care

The short coat is shiny and tough to the touch, and comes in all colors - red, blue, brown, gray, black and white, as well as brindle.

They do not need to be cared for and their coat is easy to keep clean by washing from time to time. Brushing with a stiff brush and wiping with a cloth will preserve the shine of the coat.

Brush your dog's teeth at least two or three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria that build up inside it. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your nails once or twice a month, unless your dog wears out naturally, to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in your dog's toenails, and cutting too deep can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

His ears should be checked weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in a gentle pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; just clean your outer ear.

Train your American Pit Bull Terrier to be cleaned and inspected while still a puppy. Grab his paws often - dogs are sensitive to their paws - and look inside his mouth and ears. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation of the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet during grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.
Children and other pets

American Pit Bull Terriers love children, and we don't mean breakfast. Tough, energetic and tolerant, they are ideal playmates. However, no dog of any size or breed should be left unattended with children.

When no adult can be there to watch what is happening, dogs must be packaged or kenneled, especially after they reach puberty, when they can begin testing the opportunity to become a "pack" leader.

Do not let children pull on the dog's ears or tail. Teach them never to approach the dog while it is sleeping or eating, and not to try to pick up the dog's food.

Because of their legacy of dog fighting, some American Pit Bull Terriers maintain a tendency towards aggression with other dogs, but if they are socialized early and taught to know what behavior is expected of them, this aggression can be minimized or overcome, and many are friendly to dogs and cats. To be on the safe side, they should always be supervised in the presence of other pets.

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