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The Basset Hound breed was developed for hunting small game such as rabbits and is still used today in parts of the United States. When not on the trail of a rabbit, they are laid-back family friends who love children.

Adaptable, affectionate and relaxed, these dogs will appeal to even budding pet parents who are new to the dog world. However, you will need to exercise at least moderately and feed your puppy an appropriate diet, as their calm demeanor can lead to weight gain and health problems that may arise. If you can keep your Basset active despite how much they might protest, you will have a loving companion who will stay with you for years to come.

It may be better known as a puppy dog, but the Basset Hound is much more than just an advertising symbol. The Basset Hound, with its serene temperament and short but noble appearance, is a popular family companion as well as a slow but keen hunting dog.

The name Basset comes from the French word bas, which means low. Basset hounds are definitely short. In fact, these are large dogs with short legs. Their short-legged appearance is the result of a form of dwarfism called achondroplasia. Despite his large size, Basset considers himself a lapdog and will do everything possible to fit into yours.

Бассет

Bassets are hounds, which means they were bred to hunt by the smell of their prey. Their phenomenal sense of smell is second only to that of a bloodhound.

Basset Hounds have a smooth, short coat with a firm texture that is relatively easy to care for. Most of them have a classic three-color pattern of black, brown and white, but they can also be so-called open red and white (red spots on a white robe), closed red and white (solid red with white legs and tail), or lemon -White. Sometimes you can see basset gray (also called blue), but this color is considered undesirable as it is believed to be associated with genetic problems.

The Basset Hound has a rounded skull with a deep muzzle and a lot of loose skin on the face that wrinkles heavily on the forehead as the dog follows the trail. This loose skin also makes the Basset look sad, which many believe adds to their charm.

Since they were originally bred as hunting dogs, many of the basset hound's traits have a specific purpose. Their long, low-set ears drag along the ground and pick up odors, and the loose skin around their scalp forms wrinkles that further pick up the scent of what they are following.

Their short legs mean that they move more slowly than long-legged dogs, making it easier for foot hunters to chase them. Their tails are long and erect with a white tip at the end, making it easy for hunters to see when dogs are in tall grass. Basset hounds also have massive feet, and their front feet are turned slightly outward to balance the shoulder width.

In the house, Basset Hounds are calm and rather lazy. They are loyal to their people and have a pleasant, friendly disposition. Since they were originally bred as pack dogs, they love to be with their families and also get along well with other pets. Bassets hate being left alone for long periods of time and can become destructive and howl if left alone for too long. Their characteristic barking is loud and carried over long distances.

Basset Hounds are satisfying eaters, but since they are not very active in the house, they can gain weight and become obese quickly. which can cause them back and leg problems. Regular exercise is a must. Bassetts have a lot of stamina, so they enjoy long walks.

When you walk with your basset, know that he loves to run. If he catches a scent that he wants to follow, he can leave, if not on a leash. ... Bassetts are single-minded in their scent tracking and will follow them out into the street in front of the car if they are not tied down or confined by a fence.

Many basset dogs impart their dogs' superior odor tracking skills in organized tracking events called bassetting, which take place primarily in Virginia, Maryland, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Bassetts are natural for trekking, hunting and field trials titles, but they are also known to compete successfully in agility, obedience and rally with a patient trainer.

Patience is definitely a virtue when it comes to basset training. If you can't convince him that he wants to do this, he will be stubborn and difficult to train. Many Basset Hounds will obey commands when offered food, but will not obey unless you have a tasty reward to offer them.

Basset Housetraining is a challenge too, but with patience and perseverance, you can train and educate your Basset's man. Be sure to use gentle, positive training methods. Basset Hounds are emotionally sensitive and will refuse to be abused.

Basset Hounds have unique voices. They usually howl (sometimes called the bay) rather than bark. They also have a kind of muttering that they use when they want attention or ask for food. Through their deliciously pleading expressions, they often manage to win treats of Chinese food, pizza, French fries, and other delicious junk food.

Well-bred Bassets are balanced, relaxed and generally happy dogs. They are very affectionate with children and other pets. Their biggest flaws are their tendency to drool and howl alone or sound the alarm. If you can tolerate his idiosyncrasies, the Basset will make a wonderful family companion, as happy to laze around at home as he should be on the hunt.

Бассет

Peculiarities

  • Like all hounds, Basset hounds can be stubborn and difficult to train and house train. Training box is recommended.
  • If they catch an interesting scent, Basset Hounds may try to track it, no matter how dangerous it is to them. On the street, not in a fenced-in yard, keep the basset on a leash. Also take him to an obedience lesson and make sure he responds well to the “Come” command. Use gentleness and patience to train him. Dogs of all types tend to think for themselves and respond poorly to harsh training methods.
  • One of the main reasons Basset Hounds give in for help or adoption is because they "drool too much." Due to the loose skin around the mouth, they also tend to mess when they drink. If you are a finicky housekeeper who hates drooling, Basset Hound is not the best choice for you.
  • Basset hounds are often flatulent. If this problem seems overwhelming, talk to your veterinarian. Changing your diet may help.
  • Obesity is a real problem for Basset Hounds. They love to eat and will overeat if given the opportunity. If they gain weight, they may develop joint and back problems. Divide food according to the condition of your basset, not the recommendations on the packaging or can.
  • Since Basset Hounds are prone to bloating (a potentially fatal condition), it is best to feed them two or three small meals a day, rather than one large meal a day. Don't let your basset train too hard after eating, and watch him for about an hour after eating to make sure he's okay.
  • The long ears of your Basset should be checked and cleaned every week to prevent ear infections. You may find that you need to wash your earmolds even more often because they can drag in puddles and collect dirt by dragging the ground.
  • Basset hounds can howl loudly, especially if left for long periods.
  • Despite the fact that your Basset Hound is strong and surprisingly mobile due to such short legs, it is best to discourage him from jumping, for example, from the car. Lift him up and support him behind his back so that he does not get hurt.
  • Basset puppies can suffer from joint problems as they grow. Try not to let your puppy overdo it when he plays and discourage him from jumping on and off furniture.
  • Two-thirds of the body weight of a Basset Hound is not a good swimmer. Don't let your Basset Hound fall into the pool because he can get into trouble quickly.
  • To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from a backyard breeder, puppy factory, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests their breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that they can pass on to their puppies and that they have a healthy temperament.

History

Trust the French to develop such a distinctive breed, with its "Jolie" appearance, Jolie means rather ugly, or out of the box attractive. The name Basset means "low", and in France it refers to a certain level of hound height.

Bassetts probably descended from the hound of St. Hubert, the ancestor of the modern Bloodhound, and arose when, as a result of a mutation in the St. Hubert was born a short-legged or dwarf hound. Perhaps dwarf hounds were kept as a curiosity, and later bred on purpose when they observed their ability to track down rabbits and hares under bushes in dense forests.

The first recorded mention of a Basset Hound was in the illustrated hunting book La Venerie, written by Jacques du Fouillou in 1585. The illustrations show that the early French Basset Hounds resembled the modern Basset Artésien Normand dogs. The breed is known today in France.

Basset Hounds were at first popular among the French aristocracy, but after the French Revolution they became the hunting dogs of commoners who needed a dog to follow on foot without having access to horses. They made it to Britain by the middle of the 19th century. Lord Galway imported the pair to England in 1866 and they produced a litter of five puppies, but he did not show them, so they remained relatively unknown.

Then, in 1874, Sir Everett Millais imported a Basset Hound named Model from France. Millet promoted the breed in England and began a breeding program in his own nursery, as well as in collaboration with the breeding programs established by Lord Onslow and George Crel. For his efforts to popularize the Basset Hound in England, Millais is considered the “father of the breed” in England.

He first presented the Basset at the English Dog Show in 1875, but it wasn't until he helped make a big entry at the Wolverhampton Show in 1880 that the public began to take notice of the breed. Several years later, the breed became even more popular when Alexandra, Princess of Wales, kept the Basset Hounds in royal kennels. In 1882 the Kennel Club in England adopted the breed and in 1884 the English Basset Hound Club was founded.

Although Bassetts probably made their way to America during colonial times, this breed did not become popular in the United States until the early 20th century. The American Kennel Club (AKC) began registering the Basset Hounds in 1885, the first of which was a dog named Bouncer, but it was not until 1916 that the AKC officially recognized the breed.

1928 was a turning point for the Basset Hound in America. That same year, Time magazine featured a Basset Hound on the cover and published an accompanying article on the 52nd annual Westminster Kennel Club Madison Square Garden dog show, written as if it had been written through the eyes of a Basset Hound puppy. The fascination of the Basset Hound was discovered and from that moment on, the popularity of the Basset Hound began to grow.

Bassetts entered pop culture in the 1960s when they appeared in the Hush Puppy shoe ad campaign and the debut of the Fred Bassett comic strip, which still airs today. The Basset Hound is currently ranked 28th out of 155 breeds and varieties registered with the AKC, a testament to its continued popularity.

Throughout the US, Basset Hound people celebrate their love for the breed in the same unique ways that their dogs look. Picnics and basset hound walks are a tradition in many regions, sometimes thousands of Basset hounds and their families gather.

Some of these events even crown the king and queen of the Basset Hounds. Most of them have fun contests like contests to determine which Basset has the best wobbly butt. These events usually feature a variety of Basset Hound memorabilia, which are often sold to raise money for Basset Hound rescue organizations.

The size

Basset hounds do not exceed 35 centimeters at the shoulders and weigh from 22 to 30 kilograms. They are really big dogs with short legs. Lifting an adult Basset Hound is not easy, so take that into consideration before purchasing it for a home with a lot of stairs. Can you easily get your dog in and out if it is sick or old and needs to be carried?

Бассет

Personality

The meek basset is too relaxed to be harsh. He gets along with everyone, including children and other animals, and the only thing he really cares about is a good scent trail. Indoors, he is calm, but alert enough to become an excellent watchdog. Like all dogs, he can be stubborn when it comes to training, and responds best to positive methods such as food rewards and food rewards. Bassetts are pack dogs and will be unhappy if left alone all day. The company of another dog is helpful.

Like any dog, the Basset Hound needs early socialization at a young age - getting to know a lot of different people, looks, sounds and experiences. Socializing helps ensure that your Bassett puppy grows up to be a versatile dog.

Health

Basset Hounds are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all Basset Hounds will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health certifications of both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been screened and cleared of a specific disease.

At Basset Hounds, you should expect to receive approval from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for Hip Dysplasia (Grade A Pass or higher), Elbow Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can validate your medical records by visiting the OFA website.

  • Gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV): Also called bloating or torsion of the stomach. This is a life-threatening condition that can affect deep-chested dogs such as Basset Hounds, especially if they are fed once a day, eat quickly, drink large amounts of water after meals, and exercise vigorously after meals. Some people think that raised utensils and the type of food they eat can also be a factor in bloating. It is more common in older dogs, but can occur at any age. GDV occurs when the stomach is stretched out by gas or air and then twisted (twisted). The dog cannot burp or vomit to flush out the excess air in the stomach, and it is difficult for blood to return to the heart normally. The blood pressure drops and the dog goes into shock. Without immediate medical attention, the dog could die. Suspect bloating if your dog has bloating, excessive drooling and vomiting, but not vomiting. He may also be restless, depressed, lethargic, and weak with a fast heart rate. It is important to show your dog to a veterinarian as soon as possible. There are some indications that the tendency towards GDV is hereditary, so it is recommended to neuter or neuter dogs that develop this condition.
  • Von Willebrand disease: This is an inherited disorder that can cause mild to moderate bleeding and prolong the duration of bleeding. If you suspect that your Basset has von Willebrand disease, ask your veterinarian for a blood test and action before any surgical procedure.
  • Panostitis (also called wandering or transient claudication): This is an elusive condition sometimes seen in young Basset Hounds. Its main symptom is sudden lameness, and puppies usually outgrow it by the age of two without any long-term problems. Lameness can be mild or severe. Many veterinarians are unaware of this problem in Basset Hounds and may misdiagnose it as elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia, patellar dislocation, or even more serious conditions. If the diagnosis is mistaken, your veterinarian can perform surgery on your dog that is unnecessary. If signs appear, ask for a second opinion with an orthopedic specialist before authorizing surgery.
  • Glaucoma: Basset hounds are prone to glaucoma, a condition in which intraocular pressure increases. It can lead to blindness if not identified and treated early. If you notice that your Basset Hound is squinting, tearing or rubbing its eyes, or if the eye or eyes appear red or bulging, take it to your veterinarian immediately for a checkup. Glaucoma can damage the retina and optic nerve within hours, so an emergency room visit may be warranted.
  • Allergies: Allergies are common in dogs. Allergies to certain foods are identified and treated by eliminating certain foods from the dog's diet until the cause is found. Contact allergy is caused by a reaction to something that the dog touches, such as bedding, flea powders, dog shampoos, or other chemicals. They are treated by identifying and eliminating the cause of the allergy. Inhalation allergies are caused by airborne allergens such as pollen, dust and mold. The appropriate inhalation allergy medication depends on the severity of the allergy. Ear infections are a common side effect of inhalation allergies.
  • Patellar dislocation: This problem, also known as "knee slippage", is common in small dogs. It is caused by misalignment of the patella, which is made up of three parts - the femur (femur), the patella (patella), and the tibia (shin). This causes a limp in the leg or an abnormal gait, something like jumping or jumping. This condition is present at birth, although the actual displacement or dislocation does not always occur much later. Friction caused by a dislocated patella can lead to arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. There are four grades of patellar dislocation, ranging from grade I, an accidental dislocation causing temporary lameness in the joint, to grade IV, in which the rotation of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be manually moved. This gives the dog a bow-legged appearance.
  • Thrombopathy: This is another platelet disorder that sometimes occurs in Basset Hounds. Like von Willebrand disease, thrombopathy affects the blood's ability to clot.
  • Eyelid and Lash Problems: Bassets are prone to ectropion (twisting of the eyelids), which leads to dryness of the cornea, and entropion (twisting of the eyelids), which causes the lashes to dig into the surface of the eye. Your veterinarian will be able to determine if your Basset has any of these problems and will be able to correct the problem with surgery if necessary.
  • Disorders of the intervertebral discs: Basset hounds are especially prone to back problems. This could be due to genetics, improper movement, falling, jumping on or off furniture. Signs of a back problem include an inability to rise on the hind legs, paralysis, and sometimes loss of bowel and bladder control. It is important to always support your back and butt when holding your Basset Hound. If a problem arises, treatment can range from placing anti-inflammatory drugs in a cage, to surgery to remove the discs causing the problem, or even forcing the dog into a dog wheelchair. Some owners have found they can help prevent problems by taking their Basset Hounds to chiropractors with experience with dogs.
  • Ear infections: Because long basset ears do not provide sufficient air circulation inside the ear, infections can develop. Avoid them by cleaning your basset ears every week and take him to the vet if his ears smell bad or seem sore.
  • Obesity: Obesity is a serious problem for long-tailed breeds such as the Basset. While your Basset Hound is likely to be a Chow Hound and begging for more, find out how much you should feed him to maintain a healthy weight and stick to it for his own good.
  • Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is common in Basset Hounds. Many factors are thought to be influencing this hip deformity, including genetics, environment, and diet. Affected bassets can lead normal, healthy lives, but some may need surgery to get around easily. This is a hereditary disorder in which the femur does not fit snugly against the hip joint. Some dogs have pain and lameness in one or both hind legs, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. As a dog ages, it can develop arthritis. X-ray screening for hip dysplasia is performed by the Animal Orthopedic Foundation or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program (PennHIP). Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred. If you are buying a puppy, ask the breeder to provide proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are not having problems. Hip dysplasia is hereditary, but can also be caused by environmental factors such as rapid growth from a high-calorie diet or injury from jumping or falling on slippery floors.
  • Cherry Eye: This is a condition in which the gland under the third eyelid protrudes forward and looks like a cherry in the corner of the eye. Your veterinarian may need to remove the gland.

Care

Basset Hounds are usually calm dogs that do well even in small houses and apartments. They should live indoors with their family, ideally with access to the courtyard. They are not suitable for outdoor living in extreme heat or cold conditions.

Indoor Bassetts are sedentary and enjoy lying in the sun all day, but they will enjoy a long and winding walk with plenty of time to sniff. Resist the temptation to let your basset go bummer. Bassets are prone to obesity, and too much weight can put stress on their joints.

When bassets are outdoors, they should be in a fenced-in yard or on a leash so they don't get lost after an interesting scent. Until he is one year old, discourage your basset puppy from jumping off and off furniture, going up and down stairs, which puts additional stress on his front legs and back and can damage his joints. You may need to help a basset of any age get in and out of the car. He's not a very good jumper. Consider giving it a ramp or steps.

Бассет

Bassets can be independent and have opinions of their own. Train them with kindness and consistency using positive reinforcement, including food rewards and praise. The abused Bassett will simply become more stubborn and less willing to follow your orders. It is best to keep your workouts interesting. Bassets will develop selective hearing if there is something more exciting to pay attention to.

Nutrition

Recommended daily intake: 1.5 to 2.5 glasses of high quality dog ​​food per day, divided into two meals.

NOTE. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans, and not all of them need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Bassets love to eat and are prone to obesity. Keep your Basset Hound in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving the food on all the time.

If you are not sure if he is overweight, check his eyesight and practice. Look down at it first. You should be able to see your waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel, but not see, his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.

For more information on feeding your Basset Hound, see our Guidelines for Buying the Right Food, Puppy Feeding, and Adult Dogs.

Coat color and care

Basset Hounds have a sleek short coat that repels dirt and water. The coat is thick enough to protect them in any weather. The skin is loose and elastic, giving the Basset his classic saggy dog ​​look.

The Basset Hound breed standard - a written description of how the breed looks and behaves - allows all colors of hounds, but the most common are tricolor (tan, black and white), black and white, brown and white or red. and white. Lemon white is acceptable but rare.

Since the standard says that any recognizable dog color is acceptable, blue basset hounds (actually gray) can be seen, but this color is undesirable because it is the result of a recessive gene that has been linked to numerous genetic problems such as intestinal periscopes. , skin allergies and food allergies.

With the exception of cleaning the ears and expression lines, and wiping off the saliva they leave behind, Basset Hounds are easy to care for. Their short coat repels dirt and water. They rarely need baths (unless they roll with something particularly smelly), and a good rub down with a bristle brush, rough cloth, or dog glove is all it takes to keep their coats in good shape. Basset hounds shed all year round, but if you clean them weekly this shouldn't be a problem.

Basset hound ears are long and dragging along the ground, so they can get very dirty. Ear infections are also a problem because air does not circulate well in the inner ear. Clean the inside of your basset hound's ears at least once a week with a solution recommended by your veterinarian, wipe the outside of the ears to remove dirt, cleanse facial wrinkles with a damp cloth and dry thoroughly, then examine it. large paws from ulcers between the toes.

Brush your basset teeth at least two to three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria that build up inside your teeth. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your nails once or twice a month. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. Short, neatly trimmed nails keep your feet in good condition and protect your shins from scratches as your Basset enthusiastically bounces to greet you.

Start accustoming your basset to being cleaned and inspected while still a puppy. Often take his paws - dogs are touchy about their paws - and look inside his mouth and ears. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Children and other pets

Bassets are very fond of children and get along well with them. Anyway, you need to protect your Basset from riding or other torment on their part.

Always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent biting from either side of the ears or tails. Teach your child never to approach the dog while he is sleeping or eating, and not to try to pick up the dog's food. No dog should be left unattended with a child.

As pack dogs, Basset hounds enjoy the company of other dogs and can also get along well with cats, especially if introduced at an early age.

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