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Bichon Frize (pronounced Bichon Frize; plural Bichon Frize) is a cheerful, small breed of dog that loves mischief and gives a lot. With their black eyes and fluffy white fur, the Bichon looks almost like a child's toy.

It doesn't take long to realize that the Bichon can be your happiest and most enthusiastic companion. They are very playful and intelligent, and even novice pets and apartment dwellers get along well with these dogs. However, they do need a lot of time to play and be active and don't care if they are left alone at home for long hours of the day. If you can give your dog a lot of attention and love, you will get ten times more from an adoring Bichon.

More about this breed

With a compact body, doll-like faces and fluffy white hair, Bichons are a very attractive breed, whose appearance is enhanced by a perky and good-natured disposition. They are often mistaken for white poodles.

The Bichon, as it is affectionately called, is associated with several small breeds: the Coton de Tulear, a dog that originated off the African coast on an island near Madagascar; bolognese bred in northern Italy near the city of Bologna; Havanese, from Cuba; and the Maltese developed on the island of Malta in the Mediterranean. The Bichons also appear to have originated in the Mediterranean and were taken along trade routes to other countries.

Bichons can be small dogs (large specimens reach almost 30 cm in height), but they are hardy. Despite their diminutive size, the Kennel Club does not classify them as a toy breed; instead they are members of a non-sporting group.

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Bichons are always white (although puppies can be cream or pale yellow), with black eyes and black noses. Their curved necks give them a proud and confident look, and their plumage tails gracefully curve over their backs.

If you are looking for a wonderful pet, consider the Bichon. This dog loves to play. He is always happy (except when he is left alone for a long time), and his demeanor is affectionate and gentle.

Because they do not shed like other breeds, Bichons are often recommended for people with allergies. This is something you should discuss with your allergist as not everyone reacts the same to bichon. Before committing to a Bichon or any other type of dog, be sure to spend some time in the presence of the breed if you have allergies.

Bichons have a reputation for separation pain. If you have to leave your dog at home alone for a long time, it may not be for you. Bichons don't just love to be with their families, they need to be with their families. They adapt well to different lifestyles as long as they don't have to spend too much time alone.

Because of their small size, bichons are good pets for people living in apartments. But they have a lot of energy and need daily exercise, including walking and playing.

Bichons are smart, love to learn tricks, and are easy to train. During training, you need to be firm but gentle. Harsh corrections and abuse will break the bichon's heart. Many Bichon owners train their dogs for obedience, agility and rally competition. Dogs and owners alike love this activity and is a good way to strengthen the bond with your bichon. Another activity that brings out the best in Bichon is therapeutic work. Because they are gentle and sure to bring a smile to any face, they make ideal therapy dogs for visits to nursing homes and hospitals.

Bichons usually get along well with other animals and people, but they will warn you when strangers come to the door.

Peculiarities

  • Bichons can be difficult to hack. Training of the box is recommended.
  • Bichons don't like being left alone for a long time.
  • Bichon Frize puppies are tiny and should only be handled by children under close adult supervision.
  • Bichons are smart and cunning. Obedience training is recommended for your Bichon to be the best companion.
  • Leaving is a must! Expect to pay for professional care. Highly motivated owners can learn this technique, but it is not easy and time consuming.
  • Bichons can be prone to skin problems and allergies.
  • Since they are cute and small, you might be tempted to overprotect your Bichon Frize. This is a mistake and your dog can become spoiled, shy and fearful. Be wary of dangerous situations, but teach your Bichon confidence by behaving confidently about his ability to deal with people, other animals, and situations.
  • To get a healthy Bichon, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory, or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests his breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that they can pass on to the puppies and that they have a healthy temperament.

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History

As with many dog ​​breeds, the exact origin of the Bichon Frize is not known. It is widely believed that Bichon is descended from the barbet, a medium-sized woolly water dog, and that the word Bichon is derived from the word barbichon, a diminutive of the word barbet. The Barbichon family of dogs includes Bichon Frize, Bolognese, Coton de Tulear, Havanese and Maltese. They all come from the Mediterranean Sea and have a similar appearance and location.

The earliest mentions of the Bichon Frize breed date back to the 14th century, when French sailors brought dogs home from Tenerife, one of the Canary Islands. It is believed that the Bichon Frize dogs were brought there by traders who used the Phoenician trade route, and that the Bichon Frize originally originated in Italy.

Other historians believe that Spanish sailors brought the breed to Tenerife, and in the 14th century, Italian (not French) sailors brought it back to the continent. According to this version of the story, when the French invaded Italy in the 1500s, they brought many Bichon Frize dogs to France as war booty.

Regardless of how the Bichon Frize got to Europe, the breed quickly became a favorite of the nobility. Bichons were popular at royal courts during the reign of King Francis I of France and King Henry III of England in the 16th century. King Henry III loved his bichons so much that he carried them anywhere in a special basket that hung around his neck. Bichons have become the favorites of Spanish royalty and even artists like Goya, who incorporated Bichon into several of his paintings.

Interest in the Bichon Frize remained strong during the reign of Napoleon III, but then the small dog lost popularity with the royal family until the late 1800s. By that time, it was considered an ordinary dog, sometimes owned by organ grinders or circus performers, and sometimes trained to help the blind. If not for the intelligence and attractiveness of the Bichon, the breed would probably have died out during this period.

However, after World War I, French breeders became interested in the Bichons and worked to preserve the breed. The official breed standard was adopted by the French Dog Center on March 5, 1933, after which the small dog had two names: Tenerife and Bichon. Later that year, when the Bichon Frize was recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale, FCI President Madame Nizet de Limans renamed the breed to Bichon à poil frisé (Curly Bichon). and the nickname was translated into English as Bichon Frize. On October 18, 1934, the first Bichon Frize was accepted into the studbook of the French Kennel Club.

Bichon Fries were first introduced to the United States in 1956. In September 1971 the breed was admitted to registration in the AKC Miscellaneous Class, and in October 1972 it was admitted to registration in the Studbook of the American Kennel Club. In April 1973, the breed received the right to participate in exhibitions. in a non-sporting group at AKC shows. In 1975, the AKC recognized the American Bichon Frize Club.

The size

Males and females are 22 to 27 centimeters tall and weigh 3 to 5 kilograms.

Personality

A cheerful attitude is a hallmark of the Bichon character. This dog loves to be loved, loves to be the center of attention and knows how to charm its family, neighbors, groomer or veterinarian with its victorious personality.

Bichon has a playful, independent personality, but that doesn't mean he likes being alone. In fact, this breed hates loneliness and usually suffers from separation anxiety if left alone for many hours. In such situations, bichons can become destructive, gnawing and tearing everything that catches your eye. Obviously, the Bichon is not the breed of choice for people who are away from home for a long time (in fact, not a single dog).

A very intelligent Bichon needs to be taught correct dog manners, so it is important to sign up for obedience training, starting with puppy lessons. Bichons are fast learners, so it can be very pleasant to take them to such classes. They are also good at stunts and some canine sports.

Temperament is influenced by a number of factors, including heredity, learning, and socialization. Puppies with a good temperament are curious and playful, ready to approach people and be with them in their arms. Choose an average puppy, not one who beats up his littermates or hides in a corner. Always date at least one parent - usually a mother who is available - to make sure they have a good temperament that you like. Meeting with siblings or other relatives of the parents also helps to assess how the puppy will be when it grows up.

Like any dog, the Bichon needs early socialization - getting to know many different people, looks, sounds, and experiences - at a young age. Socializing helps ensure that your Bichon puppy grows up to be a versatile dog. Enrolling him in puppy daycare is a great start. Regularly inviting visitors and visiting lively parks, dog-friendly shops, and leisurely walks to meet neighbors will also help him hone his social skills.

Health

Bichons are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all Bichons will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health certifications of both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been screened and cleared of a specific disease. In the Bichons, you should expect to obtain approval from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a satisfactory or higher grade), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can validate your medical records by visiting the OFA website (offa.org).

  • Bladder problems: Bladder stones and bladder infections are not uncommon for this breed. Many factors can cause bladder stones, including excess protein, magnesium, and phosphorus in the diet or long periods of time between urination. Bladder infections can be associated with bacterial or viral infections. If your Bichon needs frequent urination, has bloody urine, or has urinary problems and loss of appetite, take him to the vet for a check-up.
  • Allergies: Allergies can upset Bichons for several reasons, including contact allergies and food allergies. Bichons are also known for their flea sensitivity. If your Bichon itches, licks his paws, or rubs his face frequently, suspect he is allergic and see your veterinarian.
  • Patellar prolapse: Also known as knee misalignment, this is a common problem in small dogs. The kneecap is the kneecap. Dislocation means dislocation of the anatomical part (in the form of a bone in a joint). A patellar dislocation is when the knee joint (often of the back leg) shifts and shifts, causing pain. It can be unhealthy, although many dogs with this condition lead relatively normal lives.
  • Vaccination Sensitivity: This sensitivity affects some Bichons, and many suffer even from routine vaccinations. Symptoms usually include hives, facial swelling, soreness, and lethargy. In rare cases, a vaccine-sensitive dog will develop complications or even die. Observe your Bichon closely for several hours after vaccination and call your veterinarian if you notice anything unusual.
  • Hip dysplasia: This is an inherited disorder in which the hip bone does not fit snugly against the hip joint. Some dogs show pain and lameness in one or both hind legs, but others show no outward signs of discomfort. (X-rays are the most reliable way to diagnose the problem.) In any case, arthritis can develop as the dog ages. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred, so if you are buying a puppy ask the breeder to provide proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are not having a problem.
  • Juvenile Cataracts: Cataracts sometimes develop in relatively young (less than six years old) Bichons. It is believed to be hereditary. When purchasing a Bichon puppy, be sure to ask if the breeder of her breeding stock is certified by the Eye Dog Registration Foundation (CERF) and ask to show the certificates yourself.

Care

Bichons are active dogs, but with the right exercise and play they do well as apartment dwellers - and live to play. Don't leave the bichon alone for long. To prevent destructive behavior, the wise owner leaves the bichon in the box when leaving the house, even for a short time.

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Nutrition

Recommended daily intake: 1/2 to 1.5 cups of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

NOTE. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans, and not all of them need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Keep your Bichon in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving food on all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, check his eyesight and do a practice test.

Look down at it first. You should be able to see your waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel but not see his ribs without pressing hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.

Bichons, like many small breeds, are prone to urolithiasis (stones in the urinary tract). Diet is an important part of the treatment for this condition; Healing diets and increased water intake can help prevent and control it.

To learn more about feeding a Bichon, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

Coat color and care

The Bichon Frize is a double-coated breed, always white in color. A soft and dense undercoat and a coarse outer coat create a soft yet firm texture. The wool moves away from the body, giving it the appearance of a puff. The most popular Bichon finish follows the lines of the dog's body, leaving the coat long enough to give it its characteristic “pouf” look.

Bichons have a reputation for shedding, which is not entirely true. All creatures with hair shed. However, in double-coated bichons, the loose hair is caught by the undercoat rather than falling to the floor. If this dead hair is not removed by brushing or brushing, it can form tangles and tangles, which can lead to skin problems if left unattended.

The Bichon haircut is not for underpants: this is a breed that requires special care. You will need to set aside a lot of time for grooming and bathing: you should clean it at least twice a week or more often, and you will need to bathe it whenever it gets dirty to keep this white robe clean. Before bathing, make sure that there are no tangles or tangles on the coat, otherwise the mats will tighten and will be almost impossible to remove.

You should check your Bichon's ears frequently to make sure they are clean. Sometimes it is necessary to pluck the hair that grows in the ear canal (which the groomer can do if you are uncomfortable doing this work). If you notice a buildup of wax, redness or foul odor, or if your dog is scratching his ears and shaking his head, take him to the vet to make sure he doesn't have an ear infection.

Most Bichon owners take their dogs to a professional groomer every four to six weeks for bathing, combing, trimming, nail trimming, and ear cleaning. If you would like to learn how to care for your Bichon yourself, check out the many good grooming books and videos on the market for instructions.

Keeping a bichon's face clean and trimmed is important not only for appearance, but also for health. Mucus and eye discharge tends to accumulate in the hair that grows around the eyes, and eye problems can occur if you don't brush the area regularly.

Tear stains are common as a result of eye problems or even food allergies. Since Bichons are prone to a number of eye conditions, it is best to ask your veterinarian to examine your dog if tear staining becomes an issue. Bichons are prone to blockage or blockage of the tear ducts, eyelashes that grow towards the eyeball, or eyelids that turn inward and cause the eyelashes to rub against the eye. Your veterinarian will be able to determine if any of these or other conditions are causing tear stains.

Brush your bichon's teeth at least two to three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria that build up inside it. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your nails once or twice a month, unless your dog wears out naturally, to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in your dog's toenails, and if you cut too deep, you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out of their scabbard. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

Start training your Bichon to brush and inspect when he becomes a puppy. Often grab his paws - dogs are touchy to their feet - and look inside his mouth. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation on the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet while grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.

Children and other pets

Bichons are good family dogs and great companions for children. They enjoy walking with the children, joining their games, or sitting on their laps. They are very tolerant of the noise and excitement associated with children.

However, as with any breed, you should always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent bites pulling on their ears or tails from either side. Teach your child never to approach the dog while it is eating or sleeping, and not to try to collect the dog food. No dog, no matter how friendly, should ever be left unattended with a child.

Bichon enjoys the company of other dogs as long as he gets his fair share of attention from his master. With proper familiarity and training, the Bichon can get along with cats and other animals.

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