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The Boston Terrier has been popular since its inception just over a century ago. They were originally bred as fighting dogs, but today they are gentle, affectionate companions with tuxedo-like markings, for which they received the nickname "American Gentleman."

The Boston Terrier may have been bred as a fierce fighter, but today you will never know that. The little American gentleman, as he was called in the 19th century, is definitely a lover and not a fighter, although males are known to display their Terrier ancestry with some posture when they sense another dog invading their territory.

Boston Terriers are known for their intelligence - sometimes too much. Their lively, affectionate nature makes them extremely attractive, although their sometimes stubborn nature or outbursts of hyperactivity can lead them into hot water with their owners. However, any concern about their behavior soon melts away when they look at you with their huge round eyes that seem to say, "I love you."

Although small, Boston Terriers are strong and muscular. They have a sleek, shiny, straight coat with crisp white markings in a tuxedo-like pattern, which is one of the reasons they got the American Gentleman name. The characteristic Boston Terrier ears are naturally erect and rather large. And then there are the large, beautiful eyes that are spaced quite far apart to add to their outstanding appearance.

Boston Terriers have a wide, flat muzzle without wrinkles. They belong to a class of dogs called brachycephalics (the brachi is short and the head is the head). Like other brachycephalic dogs, the lower jaw is proportional to the body, but they have a short upper jaw, which gives them a "depressed in" muzzle.

The posture of Boston Terriers gives them an appearance that is superior to their size. They have a slightly curved, proud neckline, a wide chest and a sturdy boxy look. Their tail is naturally short (docking is prohibited) and set low on the rump.

The small size and lively, affectionate nature of the Boston Terrier makes it an excellent pet and companion. They love children and amuse people of all ages with their antics and unique, attractive facial expressions. They are especially good companions for seniors and apartment dwellers. Although they are soft and level-headed, they can possess the energetic demeanor of their terrier ancestors.

Бостон терьер

Features of the

  • Short-nosed dogs like Boston Terriers cannot cool the air entering their lungs as efficiently as long-nosed breeds, and they are much more susceptible to heat stress. Due to their short coat, they also cannot stand very cold weather. Even in temperate climates, the Boston Terrier should be kept indoors.
  • Since Boston Terriers can have breathing problems, do not pull on the collar to force him to do what you want him to do.
  • Your Boston Terrier is prone to corneal ulcers because his eyes are so big and bulging. Be careful with his eyes when playing or walking.
  • Depending in part on their diet, Boston Terriers can be prone to flatulence. If you're intolerant of a gas dog, the Boston Terrier may not be for you.
  • Because of their short nose, Boston Terriers often snort, drool, and snore (sometimes loudly).
  • Mothers of Boston Terriers, with their large heads and small pelvis, are not easy. If you have breeding thoughts, make sure you understand that, in addition to the potential puppy problems that often require a caesarean section, Boston Terrier litters tend to be small (litters of only one puppy are not uncommon). You may have to wait a few months to get a quality Boston Terrier puppy from a qualified breeder.
  • While Boston Terriers tend to be quiet, gentle dogs, not prone to irritability or aggression, males can be sloppy with other dogs that they believe are invading their territory.
  • Boston Terriers can be gluttonous, so keep an eye on their condition and make sure they are not overweight.
  • They can be stubborn, which is why persistence and consistency are undeniable strengths in training methods. They are sensitive to your tone of voice and punishment can cause them to turn off, so learning should be discreet and motivating. Crate training is recommended while Housetraining your Boston Terrier.
  • To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests his breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that they can pass on to their puppies and that they have a healthy temperament.

History

While everyone agrees that the Boston Terrier was born in the late 1800s in Boston, Massachusetts, there are varying stories of how this breed originated.

One story has it that wealthy coachmen developed the breed by crossing Bulldogs and the now extinct English White Terrier to create a new breed of dog fighting. According to another report, a Bostonian named Robert S. Hooper imported a bulldog / English terrier hybrid named Judge from England in 1865 because he reminded Hooper of a dog he had as a child. Another story is that Hooper bought Judge from another Bostonian, William O'Brian, around 1870.

While we may never know which story is true, the fact remains that there was indeed a dog named Judge, and from him came the breed that we know today as the Boston Terrier.

According to The Complete Canine Book, Judge was a "well-built dog with a tall placement" and weighed about 32 pounds. He was dark brindle in color with a white patch on his face and a square, square head.

Surprisingly, Judge was only bred once. From an alliance with a 20-pound white dog named Burnetts Jeep (or Keith), who belonged to Edward Burnett of Southborough, Massachusetts, came one puppy, a male named Wells Ef.

By all accounts, Judge and Kate's offspring weren't a lovable dog, but they did have other characteristics that Hooper and his friends admired, so it was widely bred.

One of his mates involved a woman named Keith Tobina, who weighed only 20 pounds and had a rather short head. She was golden brindle in color and had a straight three-quarter tail. It is believed that their offspring were crossed with one or more French Bulldogs to form the basis for the Boston Terrier that we know today.

But at first they were not called Boston Terriers. Many of Ef's descendants have been called by a variety of names, including bullet heads, round-headed bull terriers, American terriers, and Boston Bulldogs.

In 1889, about 30 owners of Boston Bull Terriers formed the American Bull Terrier Club, calling them round-headed or bull terriers. Lovers of bull terriers and bulldogs objected to this name. Since the bulldog case had a lot of power in the American Kennel Club (AKC) at the time, Boston Bull Terrier fans decided discretion was the best part of prowess and changed the name of their club to the Boston Terrier Club as a tribute. to the birthplace of the breed. People began to call this breed the Boston bull.

The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1893. The Boston Terrier was one of the first non-sporting dogs to be bred in the United States and the first of 10 American-produced breeds currently recognized by the AKC.

In the early days, the color and markings of the breed were not considered very important. In addition, although the bred dogs were in accordance with the standard set by the club, there were many inconsistencies in the breed. After years of careful inbreeding to establish the type, the Boston Terrier was bred as we know it today. In the 1900s, the breed's distinctive markings and color were carefully written into the standard, making them an important feature of the breed.

Boston Terriers quickly became popular in the United States. In 1915, the Boston Terrier was the most popular breed in the United States, remaining in the top 10 most popular breeds until the 1960s and again topping the list in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1918 there were amazing breeds. 60 Bostons participated in the only show of all breeds.

Hollywood actors and actresses adored their Boston Terriers. Silent movie star Paula Negri, lover of Rudolph Valentino, reportedly took her Boston Terrier Patsy with her everywhere, including restaurants and nightclubs. When in one of the restaurants she was not allowed to enter with her beloved dog, she flew away screaming: “No Patsy, no Paul. Do not see you again!" Another famous person who owned a Boston Terrier named Patsy was secular news columnist Luella Parsons.

In 1976, the Boston Terrier was chosen as a 200-year-old US dog. Three years later, he was named the Official State Dog of Massachusetts. Boston Terrier Rhett is the mascot of Boston University. Wofford College in South Carolina and Redlands High School in California also consider the Boston Terrier to be their mascots.

Бостон терьер

The size

The Boston Terrier comes in three weight categories: up to 6.5 kilograms, from 6.8 to 8.6 kilograms, and from 9 to 11 kilograms. They usually reach a height of 30 to 43 centimeters at the shoulder. Regardless of their weight, they should look tough, but never thin or thin.

Personality

The Boston Terrier, known as the American Gentleman, is agile, intelligent and affectionate with a gentle, balanced temperament. However, they can be stubborn, so persistence and consistency are a must when training.

Like any dog, the Boston Terrier needs early socialization - getting to know a lot of different people, looks, sounds and impressions - in his youth. Socializing helps your Boston puppy grow up to be a versatile dog.

Health

Boston Terriers are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all Boston Terriers will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health certifications of both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been examined and cleared of a specific disease.

In Boston Terriers, you should expect to be approved by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for Hip Dysplasia (Satisfactory or higher), Elbow Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, and Von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can validate your medical records by visiting the OFA website (offa.org).

  • Cataract: This is a cloudy film on the lens of the eye. Boston Terriers are prone to developing cataracts in both young and adults. Juvenile cataracts develop between the ages of eight weeks and 12 months. Although juvenile cataracts can sometimes be seen, sometimes it can only be detected by a veterinary ophthalmologist using the CERF (Canine Eye Registration Foundation) test. When purchasing a Boston Terrier puppy, it is wise to ask the breeder if the puppy has been tested for juvenile cataract.
  • Cherry Eye: The cherry eye is a prolapse of a third eyelid gland believed to be of genetic origin. Common in dogs less than a year old. Some veterinarians surgically move the gland back to its original location at the base of the third eyelid, while others remove the prolapsed gland entirely.
  • Patellar dislocation: This problem, also known as "knee misalignment", is common in small dogs. It is caused by misalignment of the patella, which is made up of three parts - the femur (femur), the patella (patella), and the tibia (shin). This causes a limp in the leg or an abnormal gait in the dog. It is a condition that is present at birth, although the actual displacement or dislocation does not always occur much later. Friction caused by a dislocated patella can lead to arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. There are four grades of patellar dislocation, ranging from grade I (accidental dislocation causing temporary lameness in the joint) to grade IV in which the rotation of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be manually aligned. This gives the dog a bow-legged appearance. A severe patellar dislocation may require surgery.
  • Heart murmur: This is a soft or loud, harsh, regurgitating sound in the heart, especially in the mitral valve area, where the defect causes blood to flow back into the left atrium. Because of this, the heart is not as efficient as it should be at providing blood to the body. Treatment often includes a low sodium diet, limiting exercise, and taking diuretics and medications.
  • Deafness: Boston Terriers often have deafness in one or both ears. Breeders must take a BAER test to determine the condition of puppies' ears before they move into a new home. Note that Boston Terriers that have more than one-third of their head and / or body white tend to produce more deaf puppies.
  • Brain tumors.
  • Allergies: Boston Terriers can suffer from a variety of allergies, from contact to food. If your Boston licks its paws or rubs its face a lot, it may be allergic. The veterinarian can diagnose allergies.
  • Megaesophagus: This is a defect in the structure of the esophagus that causes the dog to regurgitate undigested food. Regurgitation differs from vomiting in that there is usually no prior warning that it will occur, while vomiting requires visible effort.
  • Reverse sneezing: Reverse sneezing is a condition that can occur at any point in your Boston Terrier's life. This usually happens when your dog is overly agitated, swallows food too quickly, or is exposed to pollen in the air. Nasal discharge hits the soft palate, causing it to close the windpipe. The dog makes a hoarse sound and may get scared. Talk to him soothingly and try to get him to relax to shorten the episode. Some people say that pinching the nostrils closed or pressing the palm of your hand against his nose to force the dog to breathe through the mouth is the quickest way to stop sneezing back. You can also try stroking his throat.

Care

The Boston Terrier is an agile dog, but does not require excessive physical exertion. Indoors, it is relatively sedentary and is well suited for apartment residents or those who do not have a yard. He likes to walk with you and play in the yard, but he is definitely a house dog and should never be placed outside. Always remember that Boston Terriers do not tolerate heat and cold well.

Bostons are sensitive to your tone of voice and punishment can cause them to turn off, so your workouts should be discreet and motivating. Use positive techniques such as food rewards, praise, and games.

Бостон терьер

Food

Recommended daily intake: 0.5 to 1.5 cups of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

NOTE. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans and not all need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Boston Terriers can be gluttonous, so keep an eye on their condition and make sure that they do not gain excess weight. They may also be prone to flatulence, which may be related to their diet. Feed quality food to reduce the likelihood of this problem.

To learn more about feeding the Boston Terrier, check out our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

Coat color and care

The Boston Terrier, consistently on the most dressed list, wears a sleek, beautiful coat in three colors: black, seal (looks black, but is reddish when viewed in the sun) or brindle, all with a white muzzle and face. flames and chest, giving it a tuxedo look.

Boston Terriers are not solid colors like black, gray, liver, or white. Beware of breeders trying to sell you one of these dogs because of the "rare" color. Failure to comply with the breed standard is a warning sign about a poor quality breeder.

Boston Terriers are easy to care for. Brush them weekly with a firm bristle and bathe them with dry powder shampoo and a damp cloth, or give them a casual bath when needed. Because their eyes are so large and bulging, you should wash your face every day and check their eyes for signs of redness or irritation.

Although they shed, they are minimal and should be easily controlled by regular brushing.

Brush your Boston Terrier's teeth at least two to three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria that build up inside it. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your nails once or twice a month, unless your dog wears out naturally, to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in dogs' toenails, and if you cut too far, you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out of their sheath. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

His ears should be checked weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in a gentle pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; just clean your outer ear.

Start training your Boston Terrier to be cleaned and inspected while still a puppy. Grab his paws often - dogs are sensitive to their paws - and look inside his mouth. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation of the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet during grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.

Children and other pets

The Boston Terrier loves children and is a good playmate for them. It is small enough not to knock them off their feet, but large enough not to be easily injured. In general, he gets along well with other dogs and cats, especially if he is introduced to them at an early age.

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