The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the oldest of the two breeds of corgi and is believed to have existed in Wales for over 3000 years.
Throughout history, people have used these dogs to bring livestock to market. They enjoy spending time with their families the most these days and are active, fun playmates for school-aged children.
The cardigan features a long tail - like the sleeves of a cardigan. Their coats are of medium length and come in a variety of colors and patterns, including red, brindle, blue merle and black, usually with white markings. Known as a yard dog, this breed is intelligent and affectionate.
In Wales, a tiny fairyland dotted with misty mountains and mysterious standing rocks, fairies ride small, long-backed dogs as they follow the wild hunt across the moonlit sky. A few lucky ones learned about the canine treasures of the fairies and bought dogs for themselves. They are known as corgi, from the Welsh words cor gi, which means dwarf dog, and are among the oldest herding breeds.
Until 1934, the Welsh Corgi was considered a single breed, but today dogs are recognized as two separate varieties - Cardigan and Pembroke - with different histories and characteristics. Cardigans belong to the Herding Group of the American Kennel Club and are recognized by the United Kennel Club.
Besides the long tail, the Cardigan differs from the Pembrokes in a slightly larger size, a longer body, a heavier head, and larger, more rounded ears.
The Welsh Corgis Cardigan, also known as Cardigans, Cardis, or CWCs, has a wary, wary, yet friendly expression. Their dense double coat, which sheds heavily, comes in all shades of red, sable and brindle; black, with or without tan or brindle dots; or blue merle, with or without tan or brindle dots. They usually have white markings on their legs, chest, neck, muzzle, belly and tip of the tail, and may also have spots on their head.
The official AKC breed standard is maintained by the American Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club.
- Cardigans are vocal dogs. They bark at anything and everything.
- Cardigans are smart but can be stubborn. If homeschooling is a problem, cage training is recommended.
- Cardigans have a strong shepherd instinct, which is why they can step on the heels of your children when they play.
- Cardigans love to eat and will overeat if given the opportunity. Be sure to watch their food intake so they don't become obese.
- Cardigans are full of energy and need daily exercise.
- Cardigans should never be purchased from inexperienced breeders, puppy factories, or pet stores.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi comes from the same family of dogs as the Dachshund and Basset Hound. The ancestors of modern Cardi are believed to have been brought to Wales over 3,000 years ago by Celtic tribes who migrated to Wales from Central Europe. This early dog was a transitional form between the Tekkel and Spitz families. Some believe that when the Vikings invaded Wales, the Spitz-type dogs that were brought with them were crossed with the original corgi to produce the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
Cardigans were working dogs, helping herd farm livestock and protecting them from predators. They also helped farmers drive their livestock to fields and markets. They were prized as herding dogs, guard dogs, pets and parasite exterminators. Dogs were so prized and so important to the financial well-being of farmers that ancient Welsh law imposed severe penalties on anyone who harmed or stole one of them.
Welsh Corgi cardigans were first shown at English dog shows in 1919, and in 1926 the English Welsh Corgi Cardigans Association was founded. At that time, Cardigans and Pembrokes were considered the same breed and often crossed, which caused great contention among breeders.
In the mid to late 1920s, a red and white dog named Bob Llywid made a major impact on the breed. It is said that the first breed standard was based on it. He gave birth to the first champion of the breed, Ch. Golden Arrow, born in 1928 and ending the championship in 1931.
Also in 1931 Mrs B.P. Bole imported the first pair of cardigans to the United States. One of them was a woman named Cassie, who was already a well-established manufacturer of high quality cardigans in England. Although she was white with mottled spots, she had excellent puppies. One of her puppies named Megan became the first US Breed Champion. Today the Welsh Corgi Cardigan Club of America, Inc. hosts an annual champions-only competition called the Megan Competition.
In 1934, the British Kennel Club declared Pembrokes and Cardigans to be separate breeds, thereby removing any questions about crossing the two breeds. The following year, the American Kennel Club recognized the Cardigan and Pembroke Welsh Corgi.
The American Welsh Corgi Cardigan Club was founded in 1935. The Cardigan has gone from unsportsmanlike to working herd at the American Kennel Club (AKC) shows. Since the parent club has always sought to prevent the commercialization of their dogs, they are not as famous as the Pembroke, but they always have a special place in the hearts of those who know and love them.
Today the breed standard is maintained by the American Cardigan Welsh Corgi Club.
Cardigans are 25 to 30 centimeters high. Males weigh between 13 and 17 kilograms; females from 11 to 15 kilograms.
The Cardigan doesn't spend a lot of time grazing livestock these days, although it still has instinct. He is a family companion and show dog with an adaptive and responsible disposition. The Cardigan often lives with horse owners, who appreciate his help in loading their horses into trailers.
A cardigan can be less outgoing and more territorial than a Pembroke. True to his herding heritage, Cardi is a vigilant watchdog and can be stealthy from outsiders. Expect him to alert you when he sees, smells, or sounds out of the ordinary.
He is a reliable friend for children, and his intelligence makes him easy to learn. However, he is an independent thinker and often prefers to act in his own way, adding Cardigan's particular twist to obedience commands and other directives.
Like any dog, the Cardigan needs early socialization - meeting many different people, looks, sounds, and experiences - ideally up to four months of age. Socializing helps make your cardigan puppy a versatile dog.
Cardigan Welsh Corgis are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all cardigans will contract any or all of these conditions, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.
Wearing cardigans, you should expect to receive approval from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a rating of "fair" or higher), a certificate from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) that the eyes are normal; and a DNA test for progressive retinal atrophy. You can confirm medical certificates by visiting the OFA website and the CERF website.
- Intervertebral disc disease: Because of their long back, cardigans are prone to tearing the vertebral disc. Signs include unsteadiness, difficulty climbing or descending stairs, getting up and leaving furniture, flexion of the limbs, weakness, and paralysis.
- Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): A family of eye diseases in which there is a gradual deterioration of the retina. In the early stages of the disease, affected dogs lose night blindness; they lose sight during the day as the disease progresses. Many affected dogs will adapt well to their limited or lost vision if their environment remains the same.
The cardigan, like a good sports car, has a low and fast body. As a herding breed, it is capable of moving flocks long distances every day. Even if he no longer makes a living doing it, he still needs daily exercise in the form of a walk or training for a dog sport such as agility. If he gets the activity he needs, Cardigan will be happy in any environment, from a city apartment to a country estate.
With its short legs and long back, the Cardigan can be prone to back injuries. Since their skeletal development is not yet complete, do not let the puppies jump off and on furniture. Do not lift them without supporting both front legs and hindquarters.
Cardigan has a weatherproof coat designed to withstand the harsh weather of Wales, but that doesn't mean he's a third-party dog. He's very people-centered and shouldn't be kicked out to the backyard due to minimal human interaction.
Recommended daily intake: 1 to 1.5 glasses of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.
Note. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans, and not all of them need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.
Cardigans love to eat and will indulge excessively if given the opportunity. Keep Cardi in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving food on all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, check his eyesight and practice.
Look down at it first. You should be able to see your waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel, but not see, his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.
For more information on feeding the Cardigan, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.
Coat color and care
Cardi are two-haired, with a short undercoat and a longer, thick topcoat. They molt continuously, with periods of stronger molting at least twice a year. Be prepared to brush your cardigan frequently to keep your hair in check. During shedding season, daily brushing and warm baths may be required to remove excess hair.
The coat comes in all shades of red, sable and brindle; black, with or without tan or brindle dots; or blue merle, with or without tan or brindle dots. They usually have white markings on their legs, chest, neck, muzzle, belly and tip of the tail, and may also have spots on their head.
The length of the coat varies over the body. Some Cardi have a soft fluffy coat, which is undesirable because it does not protect the dog from the elements.
Many cardigans have a so-called fairy saddle on the back. This sign gets its name from the legend that fairies rode dogs in their home country of Wales.
Brush your cardigan's teeth at least two to three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria that build up inside it. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.
To prevent painful tears and other problems, trim his nails once or twice a month, unless your dog wears out naturally. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in your dog's toenails, and if you cut too deep, you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out of their sheath. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.
Check your ears weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in a mild pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; just clean your outer ear.
Start training your cardigan to clean and inspect when it becomes a puppy. Grab his paws often - dogs are sensitive to their paws - and look into his mouth. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.
Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation on the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet while grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.
Children and other pets
Cardigans love children, but their shepherd instincts can lead them to bite a child's legs or ankles. However, they can quickly learn that this behavior is not acceptable.
As with any breed, you should always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent biting, biting or tail pulling from either side. Teach your child never to approach the dog while it is eating or sleeping, and not to try to pick up the dog's food. No dog, no matter how friendly, should ever be left unattended with a child.
Cardigans are usually friendly towards other pets as long as they have interacted with them. They can be aggressive towards dogs that are not part of their family, but they enjoy having a second or third dog in the family to play with, especially another corgi.
Based on the materials of the resource