Cystitis in cats is a fairly common bladder disorder. After the infection enters the body, the disease quickly becomes chronic, periodically exacerbating and causing severe discomfort to the cat. At the same time, outside exacerbations, the animal may not show anxiety and be no different from a healthy one.
It is better to entrust the diagnosis and treatment of cystitis in cats to veterinarians. It is almost impossible to cope with this ailment on your own.
Causes and symptoms
Cystitis in cats develops when normal microflora invades the tissues of the bladder. Factors contributing to the onset of the disease can be:
- Difficulty with the natural emptying of the bladder (the cat has to "endure", which leads to stagnation of urine).
- Urolithiasis and other pathologies of the excretory system.
- Comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus.
In some cases, bacterial cystitis in cats develops spontaneously, without the influence of external factors.
With an acute attack of cystitis, the following symptoms are noted:
- Frequent urination - 3 times an hour or more.
- Prolonged urination process, which clearly gives the animal discomfort.
- Urination in areas not intended for this (the animal tries to relieve pain by sending natural urges outside the tray).
- Frequent licking of the groin area.
- Traces of blood in urine or litter box.
- Change in the smell of urine.
With a protracted course of the disease and the absence of therapy, there is an increase in temperature, lethargy and other signs of an inflammatory process in the body.
If signs of acute cystitis appear, it is important to provide the animal with the necessary care until the moment when it is examined by a veterinarian. The owner should:
- Wrap the animal with a towel or blanket, take it to a warm place where the cat will not be disturbed by loud sounds and bright light.
- Give a plentiful drink, ensure the possibility of a comfortable trip to the toilet (a clean tray should be placed as close as possible to the cat's resting place).
- Refuse the next feedings to reduce the concentration of toxins in the blood and reduce the burden on the kidneys.
Diagnosis of cystitis
Typically, feline cystitis is diagnosed based on a history and symptom description. To clarify the stage of development of pathology, the following can be prescribed:
- General urine analysis.
- Bacterial urine culture.
- Ultrasound of the bladder and / or urinary tract.
To stop the pathology, antibiotics are prescribed that inhibit the development of microflora in the bladder - chloramphenicol or amoxiclav. Also, specialized herbal preparations with a complex effect can be prescribed.
In addition to the funds mentioned, the veterinarian may prescribe:
- Pain relievers.
- Sedatives to reduce stress in the animal.
Throughout the course of treatment, the cat is shown drinking plenty of fluids to reduce the concentration of urine and more actively remove toxins from the body. After successful relief of symptoms, it is necessary to make changes in the animal's diet: formulations specially designed for animals with kidney problems are better suited for feeding.
Even with successful treatment of cystitis in cats, relapses are quite possible. It will not be possible to completely avoid them, therefore it is important to carefully observe the pet, and at the first signs of an exacerbation, consult a veterinarian or give preventive medications prescribed by a specialist.
Once again, we want to draw your attention to the fact that it is better to contact the specialists of veterinary clinics for the treatment of this ailment.
Based on the materials of the resource