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The French Bulldog has a long history as a companion dog. Created in England as miniature bulldogs, they accompanied the English lacemakers to France, where they received their "French" nickname.

The long-eared but oddly beautiful French Bulldog has a unique appeal. Aesthetically, other breeds are undoubtedly more glamorous and showy, but beauty is in the eye of the beholder, and what many see in the French Bulldog are attributes that make this breed one of the best companion dogs in the world today.

French Bulldog of small stature, but strong build with a powerful muscular body. He wears a short, easy-care coat that underlines his carefree nature. The Frenchman loves to play, but he also loves to spend his days relaxing on the couch.

This love of play and a relaxed attitude carries over to their training. French Bulldogs are smart and easy to train as long as you make it a game and make it fun. They are free-minded and not an ideal breed for obedience or agility competition, although some have taken up the challenge. This free-thinking approach can also lead to stubbornness, and if they decide to bump into their heels, they will no longer budge.

The French are loving companions who enjoy human contact. If you want a street dog that can be left alone for long periods of time, the French are not for you. This is a dog that delights in loving its human companions as much as it does in response to the same treatment. They generally get along well with everyone, including children. However, they can be territorial and possessive towards their people, especially in the presence of other dogs. Socialization is a must for this breed, but with their easy camaraderie, it is an enjoyable experience.

A French Bulldog with both humorous and mischievous personality must live with someone consistent, resilient and patient with all the antics and idiosyncrasies that make him both frustrating and delightful.

French Bulldogs are excellent watchdogs and will warn their people when strangers are approaching, but it’s not their style to bark for no reason. They can protect their home and family, and some will try to protect both with their lives.

Французский бульдог

French Bulldogs don't need a lot of space and do well in apartments or small houses. A couple of 15 minute walks a day will help them not gain weight. Keep your Frenchie cool and comfortable. It is subject to heat exhaustion and needs an air-conditioned room. This is not the kind of dog that can stay outside on a hot day.

French Bulldogs are excellent companion dogs with a gentle disposition. If you work from home, the French will happily lie at your feet all day or follow you from room to room. People who love them describe them as mischievous fools and cannot imagine life without them. They are constantly present and they will love you with all their strength in their little bodies, proving over and over again that beauty is within.

Peculiarities

  • French Bulldogs do not need to exercise much, but they do need daily walks to maintain a healthy weight.
  • French Bulldogs do not tolerate heat well and should be monitored on hot days to avoid overexerting themselves.
  • French Bulldogs are easy to train, but they can also be stubborn. Be persistent and patient when training this breed.
  • If you value cleanliness, the French Bulldog may not be a dog for you, as it is prone to drooling, flatulence and some shedding. It can also be difficult to house train him.
  • French Bulldogs can be a quiet breed and are not known for their frequent barks, although there are exceptions to every rule.
  • Due to the fact that French Bulldogs do not bark too much, they are exceptional house dogs.
  • While it is important to always look after small children and dogs when they are together, the French Bulldog does very well with children.
  • French Bulldogs make great watchdogs, but they can become territorial. They also enjoy being in the spotlight, which can lead to behavioral problems if abused.
  • French Bulldogs are companion dogs and they thrive on human contact. This is not a breed that can be left alone for long periods of time or left outside to live.
  • To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory or pet store.

Французский бульдог

History

The French Bulldog originated in England and was created as a toy version of the Bulldog. The breed was quite popular with lacemakers in Nottingham, and when many lacemakers emigrated to France in search of better opportunities, they naturally took their little bulldogs with them.

The French Bulldog flourished in France and Europe, and the Americans soon discovered its charm. The United States saw its first French Bulldog at the Westminster Kennel Club show in 1896. The breed was quickly named "French" and this affectionate name is still used today.

The size

Usually a French Bulldog is between 27 and 30 centimeters tall. Males weigh 9 to 12 kilograms, females 7 to 10 kilograms.

Французский бульдог

Personality

This is an intelligent, loving dog that wants and should spend a lot of time with its people. A jovial freethinker, the French Bulldog exercises well when conducted in a positive manner with plenty of food, praise, and play.

Health

Not all Frenchies will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

  • Hip dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is an inherited disorder in which the hip bone does not fit snugly against the pelvic cavity of the hip joint. Hip dysplasia may exist with or without clinical signs. Some dogs exhibit pain and lameness in one or both hind legs. As a dog ages, it can develop arthritis. Hip dysplasia x-rays are performed by the Animal Orthopedic Foundation or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred. Ask the breeder to provide evidence that the parents were tested for hip dysplasia and had no problems.
  • Brachycephalic Syndrome: This condition occurs in dogs with a short head, narrowed nostrils, and an elongated or soft palate. Their airways are blocked to varying degrees and can cause anything from noisy or labored breathing to complete airway collapse. Dogs with brachycephalic syndrome usually snort and snort. Treatment varies depending on the severity of the condition, but includes oxygen therapy and surgery to widen the nostrils or shorten the palate.
  • Allergies: Allergies are a common problem in dogs. There are three main types of allergies: food allergies, which are treated by eliminating certain foods from the dog's diet; contact allergy caused by a reaction to a topical substance such as bedding, flea powders, dog shampoos and other chemicals, and is treated by addressing the cause of the allergy; and inhalation allergy caused by airborne allergens such as pollen, dust and mold. The medicine for inhalation allergies depends on the severity of the allergy. It is important to note that ear infections often accompany inhalation allergies.
  • Semi-vertebrae: This is a malformation of one or more vertebrae, due to which it has the shape of a wedge or triangle. This anomaly can occur on its own or together with other malformations of the vertebrae. Hemivertebra does not cause problems or may put pressure on the spinal cord. This can lead to pain, weakness, or paralysis. This condition cannot be treated if there is no pressure in the spinal cord.
  • Patellar dislocation: This problem, also known as "knee misalignment", is common in small dogs. This is because the patella, which is made up of three parts - the femur (femur), the patella (patella), and the tibia (calf bone), is not aligned properly and slips inward and shifts (dislocates). This causes lameness or abnormal gait (movement of the dog). It is a congenital disorder, meaning it is present at birth, although the actual displacement or dislocation does not always occur much later. Friction caused by a dislocated patella can lead to arthritis, a degenerative joint disease. There are four grades of patellar dislocation, ranging from grade I (accidental dislocation causing temporary lameness in the joint) to grade IV in which tibial rotation is severe and the patella cannot be manually aligned. This gives the dog a bow-legged appearance.
  • Intervertebral disc disease (IVD): IDD occurs when a ruptured or herniated intervertebral disc propels upward into the spinal cord. When the disc is pushed into the spinal cord, the transmission of nerve impulses through the spinal cord is blocked. Intervertebral disc disease can be caused by injury, age, or simply the physical shock that occurs when the dog jumps off the couch. When the disc ruptures, the dog usually feels pain, and the ruptured disc can lead to weakness and temporary or permanent paralysis. Treatment usually includes non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) specifically for dogs. Never give your dog Tylenol or other NSAIDs made for humans, as they can be toxic. Surgery can help in some cases, but it should be done within a day or so after the injury. You can also ask your veterinarian about physical rehabilitation. Treatments such as massage,
  • Von Willebrand disease: This is a blood disorder that occurs in both humans and dogs. Influences the coagulation process due to a decrease in von Willebrand factor in the blood. A dog with von Willebrand disease will have symptoms such as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, prolonged bleeding after surgery, and prolonged bleeding during estrus cycles or after whelping. Sometimes blood is found in the stool. This condition is usually diagnosed in your dog between the ages of 3 and 5 and does not respond to treatment. However, this can be managed with treatments that include moxibustion or stitches, transfusions of von Willebrand factor before surgery, and not taking certain medications.
  • Cleft palate: The palate is the palate that separates the nose and mouth. It consists of two parts: hard and soft. A cleft palate has a bilateral or one-sided cleft, the size of which can vary from a small opening to a large cleft. A cleft palate can affect both the hard and soft palates, individually or together, and can cause a cleft lip. Puppies may be born with a cleft palate, or an injury can become a cleft palate. Cleft palates are fairly common in dogs, but many puppies born with cleft palates do not survive or have been euthanized by the breeder. The only treatment for cleft palates is surgery to close the opening, although not all dogs with cleft palates require surgery. It is important to get a diagnosis and advice from a veterinarian.
  • Elongated soft palate: The soft palate is an extension of the palate. Elongation of the soft palate can obstruct the airway and cause breathing difficulties. Treatment for an elongated soft palate is the surgical removal of the excess palate.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health certifications of both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been screened and cleared of a specific disease.

In France, you must expect to receive approval from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a satisfactory or higher grade), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism and von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can confirm medical evidence by visiting the OFA website (offa.org).

Care

French Bulldogs don't need to exercise a lot. They have a fairly low energy level, although there are exceptions to every rule. However, in order to lose weight, they need daily exercise - short walks or games in the yard. Many French Bulldogs love to play and spend most of their time in various activities, but they are not energetic enough to require a large yard or extended periods of exercise. This breed is prone to heat exhaustion and cannot be trained in high temperatures. Limit walks and active play on cool mornings and evenings.

When teaching your French Bulldog, keep in mind that while they are smart and usually try to please, they are also free thinkers. This means that they can be stubborn. Many different training methods work successfully with this breed, so don't give up if any method doesn't work; just try a different technique. To pique the interest of the French, try to make learning like a game with lots of fun and prizes.

It is very important to train your French Bulldog puppy in a cage, even if you plan to give him freedom at home when he comes of age. Regardless of breed, puppies research, understand things they shouldn't do, and chew on things that might harm them. Repairing or replacing destroyed items and paying veterinarian bills that may arise can be costly, so crate training benefits your wallet and your temperament, as well as your puppy's well-being.

Французский бульдог

Nutrition

Recommended daily intake: 1 to 1.5 glasses of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

NOTE. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans, and not all of them need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Coat color and care

The coat of the French Bulldog is short, smooth, shiny and fine. The skin is loose and wrinkled, especially on the head and shoulders, and has a soft texture.

French Bulldogs come in a variety of colors, including fawn, cream, various shades of brindle - coat with spots and stripes of light and dark markings, such as black brindle and bright brindle, and brindle and white, known as brindle. motley. French Bulldogs can be any color other than solid black, liver (solid reddish brown with brown pigmentation on the lips and nose), mouse (light steel gray), and black with white or brown.

Run away from any breeder who tells you that a certain color is rare and therefore costs more money. Conversely, remember that you cannot simply order a puppy of a specific color and gender. If you love a red female, it will lead to disappointment when there are only cream and tiger males in the litter.

French Bulldogs are fairly easy to care for and only need to be cleaned from time to time. to keep their coat healthy. They are average shedders. Start grooming your Frenchie at a young age and teach your puppy to stand on a table or floor to make the process easier for both of you. When caring for your Frenchie at any stage in life, take the time to check for crusts, skin lesions, exposed patches, rough, flaky skin, or signs of infection. You should also check your ears, eyes, and teeth for discharge or foul odors. Both signs indicate that your Frenchie may need to see a veterinarian.

Clean your ears regularly with a damp warm cloth and run a cotton swab along the edge of the canal. Never insert a cotton swab into your ear canal. If the edges of the ears are dry, apply mineral oil or baby oil sparingly. The oil can also be used for dry nose.

French Bulldogs do not wear naturally and need to trim their nails regularly. This prevents splitting and tearing, which can be painful for the dog.

Keep facial wrinkles clean and dry to prevent bacterial infections. Dry the skin between the folds thoroughly each time you bathe your dog. Bathe your French Bulldog monthly or as needed and use a high quality dog ​​shampoo to keep the natural oils on its skin and coat.

French Bulldogs should be easy to care for, and with the right training and a positive experience as a puppy, caring for dogs can be a great time to bring you and your Frenchie closer together. If you don't like any aspect of grooming, such as clipping the nails, take your dog to a professional groomer who understands the needs of French Bulldogs.

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