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The Great Dane is a truly great breed of dog, large and noble, commonly referred to as the gentle giant or Apollo of the Dog. Apollo is the Greek god of the sun, the brightest light in the sky.

Great Danes have been around for a long time, and images of Danish dogs on artifacts date back thousands of years. Although this is a pure breed of dog, you can find them at shelters and rescue facilities, so be sure to take them with you! Do not buy if you decide this dog is right for you.

Great Dane certainly hold a high position in the canine world; but although they look terribly imposing, in fact they are one of the most good-natured dogs. Despite all their size, Great Danes are cute, affectionate pets. They love to play and are affectionate with children.

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The Great Dane was originally bred to hunt wild boar, but today they are probably not very good at it. The ferocity required to hunt down such a large, cunning animal was eventually passed on to the Great Dane. They are now gentle souls who usually get along well with other dogs, animals, and people.

However, their size and powerful barking will scare off the robber to the mind. Anyone who owns one of these dogs will eventually realize that while you may already be accustomed to their stunning size, it usually takes a while for others to get there.

The Great Dane was bred from mastiff-type dogs, but they are more refined than other descendants of this ancient breed. The Great Dane is sleek and elegant. They have an athletic, muscular body. Their massive head is the right word - massive - long and narrow. They have a long, graceful neck. Some wearers cut their ears, but it is better to leave them natural. Cropped ears are common in the United States, but cropped ears are prohibited in other countries.

Their size can cause problems. Some people get nervous when looking at a dog that weighs as much as you. Their tail can knock over a lot of things, especially in a small space. And given the opportunity, they are impressive counter-surfers. Fortunately, they are not violent or energetic.

Despite its size, the Great Dane is a cute, affectionate companion. They love to play and are affectionate with children. They have a peaceful nature, although they have not lost the courage that helped them hunt wild boar. Although they are not particularly loud - despite their deadly forceful barks - they do not hesitate to protect the family.

Even with their inherent gentleness, it is advisable to teach them good manners and attend obedience lessons when they are young. Their size alone can make them impossible to control when they become adults, and as with any dog, you never know when they see something they just need to chase.

They strive to give pleasure and are very people-centered, demanding a lot of attention from those around them. They tend to nudge people with their big old head when they want to be stroked. Sometimes you will meet someone with a penchant tendency who sees no reason not to jump on the couch and pounce on you.

Surprisingly, the Great Dane usually doesn't eat as much food as you might think. And while they do need daily exercise, they don't need a huge yard to play - although they will definitely love it.

Thanks to their beauty and gentle nature, more and more people are discovering the Great Dane. Just keep in mind that due to their size, they have a relatively short lifespan of around eight years. This means that they take up a huge place in your heart in a relatively short amount of time.

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  • Great Dane is pleasant, eager to please, people-oriented, easy to domesticate, and responds well to positive reinforcement training.
  • Like many giant dogs, Great Danes are short-lived.
  • The Germans need a lot of space. Although they make great house dogs, they need a lot of space to just get around. They can barely reach kitchen counters and dining tables, and their tails can easily sweep your coffee table.
  • When you have a large dog, everything costs more - collars, veterinary care, heartworm prevention, and food. In addition, you will need a crate and vehicle large enough to hold your Great Dane without turning it into a pretzel. And let's face it, you get a lot of poop.
  • Some bones and joints in large dogs, such as Great Danes, take time to stop growing and become stable. Do not let your Great Dane puppy jump or send him running until he is 18 months old; this will reduce the stress on the growing bones and joints.
  • The special dietary requirements of the Giant Breed Dane must be observed or orthopedic problems may develop.
  • Dogs are not particularly suitable for apartments or small houses simply because they are so large. Fortunately, they are not jumpers, so the 182cm fence should hold them back.
  • Never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory or pet store. If you decide this breed is right for you, seek local shelters and rescue jobs.


Drawings of dogs similar to Great Danes have been found on Egyptian artifacts dating back to 3000 BC and in Babylonian temples built around 2000 BC. There is evidence that similar dogs originated in Tibet, and written reports of such dogs appeared in Chinese literature in 1121. BC

It is believed that this breed was introduced to various parts of the world by the Assyrians, who sold their dogs to the Greeks and Romans. Then the Greeks and Romans crossed these dogs with other breeds. The ancestors of the English Mastiff were probably involved in the development of the breed, and some people believe that the Irish Wolfhound or Irish Greyhound may have played a role as well.

Originally Great Danes were called boar hounds because wild boars were bred for hunting. Their ears were cropped to prevent boar fangs from tearing them. In the 16th century, the breed's name was changed to "Great Danes".

However, in the late 1600s, many German nobles began to keep the largest and most beautiful dogs in their homes, calling them Kammerhunde (chamber dogs). These dogs were pampered and wore gold-plated collars with velvet lining. Let's talk about the sweet life.

The name "Great Dane" originated in the 1700s when a French naturalist came to Denmark and saw a version of the boar that was slimmer and more like a greyhound in appearance. He named this dog the Grand Danua, which eventually became the Great Danish Dog, with larger specimens called the Danish Mastiffs. The name stuck, although Denmark did not develop the breed.

Most breed historians give credit to German breeders for bringing the breed to the balanced and elegant dog that we love today. In 1880, the breeders and judges met in Berlin and agreed that since the dogs they breed were very different from the English Mastiff, they would give it their own name - Deutsche Dogge (German Dog).

They founded the Deutscher Doggen-Klub in Germany, and many other European countries have adopted this name as well. However, Italians and English-speaking countries did not accept this name. Even today, Italians call the breed Alano, which means mastiff; and in English-speaking countries, of course, they are called Danish mastiffs.

In the late 1800s, wealthy German breeders continued to refine the breed. They turned their attention to the temperament of the dog, because Great Dane possessed an aggressive, ferocious temperament due to the fact that they were originally bred to hunt wild boar, especially a ferocious beast. These breeders tried to breed more gentle animals, and - luckily for us today - they succeeded.

We don't know when the first Great Danes were brought to the United States or even where they came from, but the American Great Danes Club was founded in 1889. It was the fourth breed club to be allowed to join the American Kennel Club.

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The size

Males of the Great Dane are 76 to 86 centimeters tall and weigh between 54 and 90 kilograms.

Females are 71 to 81 centimeters tall and weigh 45 to 58 kilograms. Some dogs may be smaller or larger than average.


The purebred Dane is one of the kindest dogs in the world. They are gentle, cute, affectionate pets who love to play and relax with children. They have a great desire to please, so they are easy to train.

The Great Dane wants to be where the family is. They are very fond of people, including strangers and children, and happily greet visitors, unless they think you need protection. Then they can defend fiercely.

Some Danes want them to be - or truly believe they are lapdogs, and they will keep trying to get there, even if you and your knees mysteriously keep moving.

As good-natured as they are, Great Danes definitely need early socialization - getting to know a lot of different people, looks, sounds, and experiences - when they're young. Socializing helps ensure that your Great Dane puppy grows up to be a versatile dog.

Enrolling in a kindergarten puppy class is a great start. Inviting visitors regularly and taking your dog to busy parks, dog-friendly shops and leisurely walks to meet neighbors will also help them hone their social skills.

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Great Danes are usually healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all Danes will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

Here are a few conditions to watch out for:

  • Development Problems: Growth problems can develop in puppies and young adults. This is sometimes due to an inappropriate diet - often a diet high in protein, calcium, or supplements.
  • Hip dysplasia: This is an inherited disorder in which the hip bone does not fit snugly against the hip joint. Some dogs show pain and lameness in one or both hind legs, but others show no outward signs of discomfort. X-rays are the surest way to diagnose a problem. In any case, arthritis can develop as the dog ages. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred.
  • Torsion of the stomach: This life-threatening condition, also called bloating, can affect large, deep-chested dogs such as the Great Dane. This is especially true if they are fed once a day, eat quickly, drink plenty of water after meals, and exercise vigorously after meals. Bloating is more common in older dogs. It happens when the stomach is stretched out by gas or air and then twisted (twisted). The dog cannot burp or vomit to flush out the excess air in the stomach, and it is difficult for blood to return to the heart normally. The blood pressure drops and the dog goes into shock. The dog can die without immediate medical attention. Suspect bloating if your dog has bloating, excessive salivation, and vomiting without vomiting. They can also be restless, depressed, lethargic, and weak, with a fast heart rate. It'
  • Bone cancer: This is the most common bone tumor found in dogs, also known as osteosarcoma. It is usually seen in middle-aged or older dogs, but larger breeds such as the Great Dane develop tumors at a younger age. Osteosarcoma, usually affecting large and giant breeds, is an aggressive bone cancer. The first sign is lameness, but the dog will need an x-ray to determine if it is the cause of the cancer. Osteosarcoma is treated aggressively, usually with limb amputation and chemotherapy. With treatment, dogs can live from nine months to two years or more. Fortunately, dogs adapt well to life on three legs.
  • Heart Disease: Heart disease affects Great Danes; varieties include dilated cardiomyopathy, mitral valve defects, tricuspid dysplasia, subaortic stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, and persistent right aortic arch. Prognosis and treatment depend on the specific disease, the age of the dog, and overall health.

Surgical problems in Great Danes are somewhat different than in smaller dogs. Consult a surgeon experienced with giant breed dogs for any necessary surgery. Ask for a preoperative blood test and ask to include a clotting profile (this is not part of a typical preoperative blood test).


Despite their gigantic size, the Great Dane is mellow enough to be a good house dog, although they are not very suitable for a tiny apartment because they bump into everything.

They can freeze in winter, so they shouldn't be left outside in colder climates, but neither should a dog. In fact, they'll love a sweater or fleece coat to keep warm as you go for a walk in the winter climate.

They are relatively quiet indoors, but they need a long walk at least once a day or a large yard to play. An adult Great Dane requires 30 to 60 minutes of daily exercise, depending on their age and activity level. Puppies and adolescents need about 90 minutes of exercise a day.

If you plan to keep them in the yard from time to time, they will need a 182 cm fence, although they are not jumpers. If you are a fan of gardening, understand that they really enjoy destroying the landscape - just a little safety advice in the hopes of preventing human heart attacks.

While you may need a running partner, wait until you are 18 months old. Before that, their bones are still growing, and they simply cannot cope with this task. In fact, your dog may not be ready to run until he is two years old.

Crate training benefits every dog ​​and is a good way to make sure your Great Dane does not end up in the house or in something it shouldn't. The drawer - really big - is also a place where they can retreat to take a nap. Crate training at a young age will help your Dane come to terms with the imprisonment should he ever need boarding or hospitalization.

However, never shove your Dane in a drawer all day. This is not a prison, and they should not spend more than a few hours in it, unless they sleep at night. Great Danes are ordinary dogs and are not meant to be locked up in a cage or kennel.

Brush your teeth at least two to three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria that build up inside your teeth. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your nails once or twice a month, unless your dog wears out naturally, to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in your dog's toenails, and cutting too deep can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

Their ears should be checked weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in a mild pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; just clean your outer ear.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation on the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet while grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.


Diet is more important for a fast growing giant breed puppy like the Great Dane than for most breeds. A Great Dane puppy should not eat regular puppy food because it is too rich for him; they need puppy food designed for large breeds. It is best not to take any supplements, especially calcium.

Assuming the food is of high quality, the amount you can give a Great Dane is highly dependent on age and gender. You should consult a veterinarian or dietitian for nutritional advice that is appropriate for your particular dog. However, the total daily amounts are:

  • Three to six months: bitches - three to six cups; males, four to eight cups
  • Eight months to one year: Females, five to eight cups; men, six to ten cups
  • Teens: girls, eight cups; males, 9 to 15 cups
  • Adults: females, six to eight cups; men eight to ten cups
  • Up to four to five months, a Great Dane puppy should eat three times a day. After that, give them twice a day for life. They should never only eat once a day.

To learn more about feeding the Great Dane, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

Coat color and care

The six common colors of Smooth Great Danes Short Coat are:

  • Fawn (golden color with black mask)
  • Tiger (fawn and black, mixed all over the body in a tiger stripe)
  • Blue (steel blue, which is actually a kind of gray)
  • Black
  • Harlequin (white with irregular black spots all over the body)
  • Robe (black and white with a solid black veil over the body)

They shed a lot, but their coat is easy to keep in top condition with regular brushing. Use a hard bristled brush and shampoo as needed. Regular brushing keeps the Great Dane's coat healthy and clean and also reduces the number of baths required.

As you can imagine, bathing the Great Dane is not an easy task, especially if they are not expecting it. It's hard to imagine how they hide under the kitchen table, trying to escape from the bath, but it happens.

Start teaching your Dane to be cleaned and examined when he is still a puppy. Grab their paws often - dogs are touchy with their paws - and look in their mouths. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you will lay the foundation for light veterinary check-ups and other procedures as they become adults.

Children and other pets

Great Dane loves children and is gentle with them, especially when brought up with them from childhood. Keep in mind that they have no idea how big they are compared to a small child, so they can easily run over children accidentally.

As with any breed, you should always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent biting, biting or tail pulling from either side. Teach your child to stay away from dogs while they are eating or sleeping, and not to try to pick up dog food.

Generally speaking, the Great Dane will get along with other pets in the house, but sometimes some of them may be aggressive towards livestock, or they may simply not take care of other pets. This is an individual taste: some will not tolerate another animal in the house, while others will doze with cats and other dogs.

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