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The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the United States. The breed's friendly and tolerant attitude makes them great pets, and their intelligence makes them very capable working dogs.

Golden Retrievers excel at hunting game, tracking, detecting contraband for law enforcement, and as therapy and service dogs. They are also natural athletes and excel in canine sports such as agility and competitive obedience.

He's also alive. Golden slowly matures and retains the silly playful personality of a puppy until three to four years old, which can be both adorable and annoying. Many retain their puppy-like traits until old age.

Originally bred to do the hard physical work of hunting ducks and other birds for hunters, Golden needs daily exercise: walking or jogging, free time in the yard, jogging on the beach or lake (the Goldens love water), or playing to get. And, like other smart breeds bred for work, they need to do some kind of work, such as retrieving paper, waking up family members, or competing in dog sports. Tired Golden is a well-mannered Golden.

In addition to exercising your golden retriever physically and mentally, you should also be prepared to include it in your family affairs. The Golden Retriever is a family dog ​​and needs to be with his pack. Don't think about getting a Gold, unless you want it to be at home with you every day under your feet.

There is another potential downside to the breed: it is definitely not a watchdog. He may bark when strangers arrive, but don't count on it. Most likely, he wags his tail and flashes that characteristic golden smile.

Features of the

  • Golden Retrievers molt profusely, especially in the spring and fall. Brushing daily will get rid of loose hair from your coat, preventing it from settling on your clothes and around the house. But if you live with Golden, you will have to get used to dog hair.
  • Golden Retrievers are family dogs; they need to live indoors with their human "pack" and not spend hours alone in the backyard.
  • Golden Retrievers are active dogs that require 40-60 minutes of hard exercise daily. They love obedience training, agility classes, and other canine activities, which are great ways to give your dog physical and mental exercise.
  • Golden Retrievers are gentle and reliable with children, but are very noisy and large dogs that can accidentally knock a small child off their feet.
  • Goldens love to eat and quickly gain weight if overfed. Limit treats, measure out your dog's daily foods, and feed him regular portions, rather than leaving food on all the time.
  • Because the Golden Retriever is so popular, many Golden Retrievers care more about making money from the demand for puppies than breeding happy, healthy dogs. To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests his breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that they can pass on to their puppies and that they have a healthy temperament.

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History

For many years, there was a legend that golden retrievers descended from Russian shepherds bought in a circus. In fact, the breed was bred in Scotland, at the highland estate of Sir Dudley Majoribanks, later known as Lord Tweedmouth.

Tweedmouth, like many nobles of his time, bred animals of all kinds, trying to improve different breeds. Breeding records of Tweedmouth from 1835 to 1890 show what he was aiming for with the Golden: A talented retriever - Tweedmouth was an avid waterfowl hunter - with a superior nose, who would be more attentive to his hunting companion than the setters and spaniels, which used for hunting. time to retrieve. He also wanted the dog to be loyal and level-headed in the home.

Tweedmouth took Nous home to Scotland and in 1868 and 1871 mated him to Belle, a tweed water spaniel. Water tweed spaniels (now extinct) were known for their impatience in the hunting grounds, as well as for being exceptionally calm and loyal at home - qualities you find in modern golden retrievers.

Descendants of the Nousand Belle were bred with wavy and flat coated retrievers, another tweed water spaniel and a red setter. Tweedmouth left mostly yellow puppies to continue his breeding program, and gave others to friends and family.

Unsurprisingly, the Tweedmouth breed first gained attention for their hunting skills. One of the most famous was Don Gerwin, a descendant of one of Tweedmouth's liver-coated dogs who won the International Gundog League Challenge in 1904.

The Kennel Club in England officially recognized Golden Retrievers as a separate breed in 1911. At the time, they were classified as "retrievers - yellow or gold". In 1920, the breed's name was officially changed to the Golden Retriever.

The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1932. Today the Golden Retriever is the second most popular breed in the United States.

The size

Males are 58 to 60 centimeters tall and weigh 30 to 34 kilograms. Females usually grow from 54 to 57 centimeters and 24 to 30 kilograms. Golden Retrievers usually reach their full height by one year old, and their sexual maturity by two.

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Personality

A sweet, calm character is a distinctive feature of the breed. Golden was bred to work with humans and seeks to please its owner. Although he has a good temperament, he, like all dogs, must be well mannered and well trained in order to make the most of his heritage.

Like any dog, the Golden one needs early socialization - getting to know many different people, looks, sounds and impressions - at a young age. Socializing helps make your golden puppy grow up as a versatile dog.

Health

Goldens are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all Goldens will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health permits for both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been examined and cleared of a specific disease.

In Goldens, you should expect to be approved by the Animal Orthopedic Foundation (OFA) for Hip Dysplasia (Grade Pass or higher), Elbow Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can validate your medical records by visiting the OFA website (offa.org).

  • Hip dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is an inherited disorder in which the hip bone does not fit snugly against the hip joint. Some dogs have pain and lameness in one or both hind legs, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. As a dog ages, it can develop arthritis. Hip dysplasia x-rays are performed by the Animal Orthopedic Foundation or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred. If you are buying a puppy, ask the breeder to provide proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are not having problems.
  • Elbow dysplasia: This is an inherited condition common in large breed dogs. It is thought to be caused by the different growth rates of the three bones that make up the dog's elbow, which causes joint weakness. This can lead to painful lameness. Your veterinarian may recommend surgery to correct the problem or medication to relieve pain.
  • Cataracts: As in humans, dog cataracts are characterized by cloudy patches on the lens of the eye that can grow over time. They can develop at any age and often do not impair vision, although in some cases they cause severe vision loss. Pedigree dogs must be examined by a board certified veterinary ophthalmologist to ensure they have no inherited eye disease before being bred. Cataracts can usually be removed with surgery with good results.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): PRA is a family of eye diseases that involve the progressive deterioration of the retina. In the early stages of the disease, dogs go blind at night. As the disease progresses, they also lose daytime vision. Many dogs adapt very well to limited or complete loss of vision if their environment remains unchanged.
  • Subvalvular aortic stenosis: This heart problem is caused by a narrow connection between the left ventricle (outflow) and the aorta. This can cause fainting and even sudden death. Your veterinarian can detect this and prescribe the correct treatment.
  • Osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD): This orthopedic condition caused by abnormal growth of cartilage in the joints, usually occurs in the elbows, but also occurs in the shoulders. This causes painful joint stiffness to the point that the dog cannot bend the elbow. It can be found in dogs as young as four to nine months old. Overfeeding puppies with Growth Formula or high protein foods can help develop puppies.
  • Allergies: Golden Retrievers can be allergic to a wide variety of substances, from food to pollen. If your Golden licks his paws or rubs his face heavily, see your vet.
  • Von Willebrand disease: This is an inherited blood disorder that interferes with the blood's ability to clot. The main symptom is profuse bleeding after injury or surgery. Other symptoms include nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or bleeding from the stomach or intestines. There is no cure and currently the only cure is blood transfusion from normal dogs. Research is currently underway on new treatments, including drugs. Most dogs with von Willebrand disease can live a normal life. A veterinarian can test your dog for this condition. Dogs with this condition should not be bred.
  • Dilation of the stomach - volvulus: Commonly referred to as bloating, this is a life-threatening condition that affects large, deep-chested dogs such as the Golden Retriever, especially if they are fed once a day, eat quickly or drink large amounts of water, or exercise vigorously after meal. Bloating occurs when the stomach is distended with gas or air and then twisted. The dog cannot burp or vomit to get rid of excess air in the stomach, and blood flow to the heart is difficult. The blood pressure drops and the dog goes into shock. The dog can die without immediate medical attention.
  • Suspect bloating if your dog has bloating, excessive drooling, and vomiting without vomiting. He may also be restless, depressed, lethargic, and weak with a fast heart rate. If you notice these symptoms, take your dog to your veterinarian as soon as possible.
  • Epilepsy: Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes recurrent seizures and seizures. Your veterinarian needs to know how severe the attacks are and how often they occur in order to determine which medications to prescribe, if any.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is a thyroid disorder thought to cause conditions such as epilepsy, hair loss, obesity, lethargy, dark spots on the skin, and other skin conditions. It is treated with medicines and diet.
  • Hemangiosarcoma: This is a very dangerous form of cancer that occurs in the lining of the blood vessels and spleen. Most often occurs in middle-aged and older dogs.
  • Osteosarcoma: Osteosarcoma is a malignant bone cancer that is common in large and giant breeds.

Care

Golden Retrievers are built for action and love to tinker in nature. If you love walking or jogging, your Golden will be happy to join you. And if you feel like throwing a ball in your backyard, they'll be more than happy to join you; True to their name, the Goldens love to return.

By bothering them with 20-30 minutes of vigorous exercise twice a day, your dog will calm down when he gets home. However, inaction can lead to behavioral problems.

Like other breeds of retrievers, Goldens are naturally “talkers”, and they are happiest when they have something to wear in their mouth: a ball, a stuffed animal, newspaper, or better yet, smelly socks.

You will need to take extra care if you are raising a golden puppy. These dogs grow very quickly between four and seven months of age, making them susceptible to bone disease. Don't let your golden puppy run and play on a very hard surface, such as a sidewalk, until he is two years old and his joints are fully formed. Normal playing on the grass is normal, as are the puppy agility lessons.

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Food

Recommended daily intake: 2 to 3 cups of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

NOTE. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans and not all need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Keep your Golden in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving food all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, check his eyesight and practice.

Look down at it first. You should be able to see your waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel, but not see, his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.

You will need to take extra care if you are raising a golden puppy. These dogs grow very quickly between four and seven months of age, making them susceptible to bone disease. They do well on a quality, low-calorie diet that keeps them from growing too quickly.

To learn more about feeding your Golden, check out our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

Coat color and care

The Golden Retriever has a dense, water-repellent outer coat with a thick undercoat. Some coats are wavy, some are straight. Fur feathers on the back of the forelegs and lower body, heavier on the chest, back of the thighs and tail.

Golden Retrievers come in all shades of gold, from light to dark gold. Some breeders have started selling "rare white golden", but the American Kennel Club does not recognize white as the breed's coat.

Golden Retrievers shed moderately in winter and summer and shed heavily in spring and fall. If you live with gold, you need to adapt to a certain amount of dog hair in your home and on your clothes.

Golden's thick coat requires careful maintenance. It is recommended to brush it daily to avoid tangling, and at least once a week. Your Golden also needs to take a bath at least once a month, and sometimes more often, to keep him looking and smelling clean.

Brush your golden teeth at least two or three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria that build up inside it. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your nails once or twice a month unless your dog wears out naturally. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. Short, neatly trimmed nails keep the feet in good condition. There are blood vessels in dogs' toenails, and if you cut them too far, you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

Gusseted ears create a warm, dark environment for bacteria or fungus to grow, and breeds that have them, such as the Golden, are prone to ear infections. His ears should be checked weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. Check them every time he gets wet. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in a gentle pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; just clean your outer ear.

Start teaching your Golden to be cleaned and inspected while still a puppy. Grab his paws often - dogs are sensitive to their paws - and look inside his mouth. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation of the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet during grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.

Children and other pets

The affable golden retriever is not bothered by the hustle and bustle of children - he even succeeds in it. But he is a big and strong dog, and he can easily knock down a small child by mistake.

As with any breed, you should always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent bites pulling on the ear or tail from either side. Teach your child never to approach the dog while it is eating or sleeping, and not to try to pick up the dog's food. No dog, however friendly, should ever be left unattended with a child.

Golden's attitude towards other pets is all the more fun. He enjoys interacting with other dogs and, with proper familiarity and training, can be trusted with cats, rabbits and other animals.

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