Skip to main content

Greyhounds were originally bred as hunting dogs to chase hares, foxes and deer. These dog breeds can reach speeds of 24 to 28 kilometers per hour, making them the ferrari of the dog world.

Whether you've seen him in the flesh or not, you know what a greyhound looks like. The iconic aerodynamic hound epitomizes speed with its narrow head, long legs and muscular rear. We've all seen pictures of this sprinter, if only because we saw him glued to the side of the bus, but many of us don't really know this breed.

Greyhounds, one of the oldest breeds, probably originated in Egypt and have been valued throughout history. Historical figures who have been fascinated by this breed include Cleopatra, Queen Elizabeth I of England and General Custer, who drove his dogs the day before his fateful journey to Little Big Horn. The patronage of two queens led to the fact that dog racing began to be called the "sport of queens".

Aside from royal fans, there is a lot to love about the breed. Greyhound combines a stately appearance with a friendly attitude towards people and other dogs. Loyal and affectionate with his family, he is not aggressive towards strangers, although he will let you know - by barking or light tingling in his little folded ears - that someone is approaching your home.

Greyhounds have a reputation for high energy levels, but in reality their favorite pastime is sleeping. Designed as sprinters rather than long distance runners, they will be content with the daily walk, although active people find them to be good running or jogging partners. In fact, greyhounds do great in apartments or houses with small yards, although they need a solid fence so they don't chase animals they might see as prey, such as squirrels, rabbits, or intruding cats.

Despite their strong prey instinct, there is no doubt that this is a wonderful breed that deserves a lot of belly rubbing. Whether you have bought your greyhound from a show breeder or adopted it from the racetrack, you will find that you treat this breed with the same respect that others have given it throughout its long and illustrious history.

Грейхаунд

Features of the

  • While a greyhound puppy is a delightful addition to your family, many cute adult Greyhounds are available for adoption after their racing days are over. Many retired racing greyhounds are abandoned, euthanized, or sold in the lab every year, but they can adapt perfectly to home life and give you years of companionship. Before putting your name on the greyhound puppy waiting list, take a look into the world of greyhound rescue.
  • Greyhounds can tremble due to their fine coat. If you live in colder climates, buy a warm coat for your dog to wear in snow or rain.
  • A Greyhound should never be allowed to run off a leash, except in a securely fenced area. Greyhounds have a strong prey instinct and chase after a rabbit or squirrel before you even spot them.
  • When greyhounds are not socialized - they face many different people, places, and situations - they can become timid and have trouble adapting to changes in schedules or their environment. Take time to hang out with your dog or puppy.
  • Greyhounds are generally loving breeds and affectionate towards their people. Usually, this friendliness extends to strangers, but they may keep aloof from some or all of the strangers.
  • While many believe this breed is built for running and has destructive energy to walk with, this is far from the truth. Greyhounds are generally docile and quiet, and they are world class drunks. They do well in apartments and houses with small courtyards due to their low internal energy consumption.
  • Running ahead greyhounds, especially retired racing greyhounds, is common practice. Greyhounds will bite other dogs and can harm smaller dogs and animals if their prey drive takes over. Many rescuers recommend muzzling adopted greyhounds, at least until they settle in their new homes and you get a better idea of ​​their temperament.
  • Greyhounds have low to medium shedding depending on the season and individual dog, and require minimal grooming. The lack of dense coat makes their skin vulnerable to scratches, tears and cuts.
  • To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests his breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that they can pass on to their puppies and that they have a healthy temperament.

Грейхаунд

History

The Greyhound is an ancient breed that originated in the Middle East and North Africa and has won the admiration of many different cultures. Greyhounds were mentioned by the Greeks, depicted in art by the Egyptians, praised by Roman poets, and they are the only dog ​​breed mentioned in the Bible.

Greyhounds came to Europe in the Middle Ages. They were so respected for their hunting prowess that the laws of the time protected the royal hunting reserves, forbidding anyone living within 10 miles of the royal forests from having a greyhound.

Greyhounds' popularity in England continued to grow thanks to the popularity of coursing (a sport of hunting for prey) and horse racing. Spanish explorers and British colonists brought them to America, where they also flourished chasing hares and coyotes across wide open plains.

The Greyhound was one of the first breeds to appear on American dog shows, and the American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1885. The first official cross-country coursing competition took place in 1886, and the US National Coursing Association was founded in 1906. Dog racing has become popular in many states today, although it is a controversial sport because so many dogs are abandoned, euthanized, or sold in the laboratory if they feel unwell on the treadmill.

The size

The Greyhound is a sleek, athletic dog. There are two types, which vary somewhat in size: racing greyhounds are usually 63 to 73 centimeters tall, and show greyhounds are slightly larger, 66 to 79 centimeters in height. In both types, males typically weigh between 30 and 38.5 kilograms, females between 22 and 30 kilograms, and race dogs tend towards the lower end of the scale.

Personality

Greyhounds are generally good-tempered, friendly and non-aggressive, although some can be aloof towards strangers. Give them pleasure, however, and they will likely become lifelong friends.

They are intelligent and independent, in many ways they even look like cats. They have a sensitive side and react quickly to tension in the home. They may become shy or timid due to mistreatment, even if it is unintentional.

Temperament is influenced by a number of factors, including heredity, learning, and socialization. Puppies with a good temperament are curious and playful, ready to approach people and be with them in their arms. Choose an average puppy, not one who beats up his littermates or hides in a corner.

Always date at least one parent - usually a mother who is available - to make sure they have a good temperament that you like. Meeting with siblings or other relatives of the parents also helps to assess how the puppy will be when it grows up.

Like any dog, a greyhound at a young age needs early socialization - getting to know a lot of different people, looks, sounds and impressions. Socializing helps ensure that your greyhound puppy grows up to be a versatile dog.

Enrolling him in puppy daycare is a great start. Regularly inviting visitors and visiting lively parks, dog-friendly shops, and leisurely walks to meet neighbors will also help him hone his social skills.

Health

Greyhounds are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all greyhounds will develop any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health permits for both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been examined and cleared of a specific disease.

In greyhounds, you should expect to receive approval from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (satisfactory or higher), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can validate your medical records by visiting the OFA website (offa.org).

  • Anesthesia Sensitivity: Greyhounds, including greyhounds, are sensitive to anesthesia and certain other medications. The usual dose for any other dog his size can kill a greyhound, probably due to the breed's low body fat percentage. Choose a veterinarian who is aware of this sensitivity and knows how to dose your greyhound. If you can't find a greyhound-savvy veterinarian, be sure to report this sensitivity to any veterinarian who treats your dog.
  • Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism is associated with low levels of a hormone produced by the thyroid gland. Infertility can be a mild sign of the disease. More obvious signs include obesity, mental dullness, lethargy, drooping eyelids, low incidence, and irregular heat cycles. The dog's coat becomes coarse and brittle and begins to fall out, and the skin becomes tough and dark. Hypothyroidism can be treated with daily thyroid medications, which must be taken throughout the dog's life. A dog receiving daily thyroid treatment can live a fulfilling and happy life.
  • Osteosarcoma: Usually affecting large and giant breeds, osteosarcoma is an aggressive bone cancer. The first sign of osteosarcoma is lameness, but the dog will need an x-ray to determine if it is the cause of the cancer. Osteosarcoma is treated aggressively, usually with limb amputation and chemotherapy. With treatment, dogs can live from nine months to two years or more. Fortunately, dogs adapt well to life on three legs and do not suffer from the same side effects of chemotherapy as humans, such as nausea and hair loss.
  • Volvulus (bloating): Bloating is caused by a sudden rush of gas and air into the stomach. This causes bloating and twisting of the stomach and can lead to death of the dog if not treated in time. The twist is usually repaired surgically.

Грейхаунд

Care

Greyhounds are dogs with a fairly low energy level, but they still need and enjoy a daily walk. If they don't exercise regularly, they can get bored, which can lead to destructive behavior.

Greyhounds have an innate tendency to chase prey, and owners need a solid fence to keep their dogs from chasing small animals. Underground electronic fencing is not recommended for this breed, as their urge to chase is much stronger than any fear of temporary shock.

Greyhounds should also be kept on a leash when walking. This strong prey instinct will make them ignore teams if something interesting grabs their attention. And thanks to their speed, they can easily overtake a distraught owner and get lost.

Greyhounds can become overweight, which is bad for their health. A retired racing greyhound usually gains around £ 5 after retirement, but he shouldn't be allowed to gain more than that. Since he is tall, give him raised feeding plates for a more comfortable lunch.

Training your greyhound, whether adopted by an adult or purchased by a puppy, should begin as soon as he gets home. Greyhounds can have a tight lane and often approach training with the question, "What will I get from this?" mentality. They are independent and need a confident and consistent owner.

However, they also have a sensitive side, which makes harsh training the worst for the breed. They are better at showing patience, consistency and teaching methods that use rewards rather than punishment - they like food the most.

Greyhounds sometimes have difficulty with the seating command as this is an unnatural position for them and you will often see them balancing on their tail.

Greyhounds need to get to know many different people, places, and situations - a process coaches call socialization - so they don't become timid or fearful. Many obedience schools offer socialization lessons, which are also great starting points for learning the basics of obedience.

Other ways to interact with the greyhound include going to public places and dog-friendly shops, walking around the neighborhood, and inviting people to your house. Introduce new social situations gradually.

Greyhounds are usually easy to house train. Retired racing greyhounds are especially suited to crate training, and will do well if you use the potty regularly.

Food

Recommended Daily Intake: Men, 2.5-4 glasses of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals; females, from 1.5 to 3 glasses.

NOTE. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans and not all need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Keep your greyhound in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving the food out all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, check his eyesight and practice.

Look down at it first. You should be able to see your waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel, but not see, his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.

For more information on feeding a greyhound, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

Грейхаунд

Coat color and care

Greyhounds have a short, smooth coat that is easy to care for. Despite the name, they can be any color, including fawn, black, red, blue, gray, or white. They can also be in various shades of brindle, with a striped pattern that makes them look like they have just run across the African savannah, or white with at least one other color known as pair-colored.

Despite their short coat, greyhounds shed. Brush them daily to prevent shedding. Your greyhound will love being massaged with a rubber curry brush, also known as a hound's mitten. Use dry dog ​​shampoo when you bathe him to keep his coat clean and smelling great.

Keep your ears clean and clean them of debris with a damp cotton swab. Never insert anything into the ear canal; just clean the area around your outer ear.

The teeth of this breed require the most careful care. Greyhounds tend to have poor dental health, so regular brushing is a must if you want them to have a sweet breath and not build up ugly tartar.

Trim your nails once or twice a month, unless your dog wears out naturally, to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in your dog's toenails, and if you cut too deep, you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out of their sheath. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

His ears should be checked weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in a mild pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; just clean your outer ear.

Start training your greyhound to be cleaned and inspected while still a puppy. Grab his paws often - dogs are sensitive to their paws - and look inside his mouth. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation of the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet during grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.

Children and other pets

Greyhounds can be patient with children and are known to be gentle with babies, but they thrive best in homes with older children who know how to behave with dogs. They are more likely to walk away from a teasing child than to attack him.

As with any breed, you should always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent bites pulling on the ear or tail from either side. Teach your child never to approach the dog while it is eating or sleeping, and not to try to pick up the dog's food. No dog, however friendly, should ever be left unattended with a child.

While greyhounds get along very well with other dogs, they can treat smaller dogs, cats, or other small pets as prey, especially if the animals are running away from them. Some have a much lower prey instinct than others, but it's always best to keep an eye on your greyhound around smaller animals. Instinct can overcome training, and greyhounds have been known to injure or even kill small pets.

And even if they are your house cat's best friend, they may view the street cats that come to their territory as fair play.

Based on the materials of the resource