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The Shiba Inu breed was originally bred for hunting birds and small game, and was sometimes used for hunting wild boar. It is one of six native breeds in Japan: Akita (large), kishu, hokkaido, kai, shikoku (medium), and shiba (small).

This breed from the Land of the Rising Sun with spiky ears, slanting eyes and curly tail looks like a fox or perhaps a stuffed toy. He is neither one nor the other. It is the Shiba Inu, the smallest and possibly the oldest of the six Spitz that originate from Japan.

Shiba Inu is known for its bold and ardent personality. The Japanese have three words to describe the intelligence of the breed: kaani-i (vigorous courage), ryosi (good nature), and soboku (alertness). Together, these traits make up the interesting, intelligent and strong-willed temperament of this breed.

Shiba Inu is small and sporty. As a ninja warrior, the Shiba Inu moves quickly, dexterously, and effortlessly. He is empathetic and attentive.

And the highest - at least he thinks so, in the opinion of those who know and love this breed. The Shiba Inu approaches the world with a calm dignity that is unique to him, which is why he is probably also called stubborn.

Because of its independence, the Shiba Inu is not the easiest breed to train. Socialization is the process by which puppies or adult dogs learn to be friendly and get along with other dogs and people - and training must start early to teach the Shiba Inu correct dog manners.

It is important to understand the free-thinking nature of Shiba Inu so that you do not get discouraged. The Shiba Inu is very smart, but he doesn't necessarily want to do what you want him to do. You may have to make him think obedience is his idea. For best results, it is important to work with a trainer who understands the breed's independence.

Another breed trend is possessiveness. The Shiba Inu guards his belongings, including toys, food, or territory. Proper socialization helps to minimize this characteristic, but it is wise to remove any of his favorite toys and treats when other dogs or children are around so that he is not tempted to quarrel over them.

Despite all this, the Shiba Inu is a good family dog ​​- he is loyal and loyal - and gets along well with children if he is properly socialized and trained and the children treat him kindly and respectfully.

The Shiba Inu is known to show the fiery side of his personality with other dogs and animals. It can be aggressive towards dogs, especially intact males with intact males. Most shibas cannot be trusted off a leash because they are natural hunters and love to be chased. There is a high probability that he will chase a squirrel, chipmunk or cat. He is usually suspicious of strangers and is a good watchdog, warning you of anything unusual.

It is also important for the shiba to go outside for any action. He needs a good daily workout, whether it's walking around the neighborhood or jogging with the bike owner. It is best suited for a home with a securely fenced yard (it has a tendency to run away) where it can tinker. He should always be kept on a leash when not at home due to his prey instinct and potential canine aggression.

Shiba Inu is an excellent companion, although his strong-willed personality may seem a little over the top to some people. Others are fascinated by his courage and dedication, which is why enthusiasts say that owning a shiba is more than just owning a dog - it's a way of life.

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Features of the

  • Shiba Inu grooming is minimal, although it sheds heavily twice a year.
  • The Shiba Inu is an intelligent breed that learns quickly. However, it is another question whether he decides to do what you ask. First-time dog owners or timid owners may be frustrated by the challenge of training this dog.
  • He's a little dog, but he needs a lot of room to mess around. Shiba Inu needs a house with a fenced yard.
  • Shiba Inu can be aggressive towards other dogs and will chase small animals that it considers prey.
  • Shiba Inu tends to be possessive of their toys, food, and turf.
  • To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests his breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that they can pass on to their puppies and that they have a healthy temperament.

History

Shiba Inu originated in Japan along with the Akita, Shikoku, Kai Dog, Hokkaido, and Kishu, all of which are larger than the Shiba Inu. Shiba Inu were used mainly as hunting dogs to drive small game and birds for hunters.

There are several theories about where the Shiba Inu got its name from. One explanation is that the word Shiba means "bushes"; the dogs were named after the brushwood bushes in which they hunted. Another theory is that the fiery red color of the shiba is the same as the autumn color of the leaves of the bush. The third idea is that the archaic meaning of the word shiba refers to its small size.

The Second World War almost turned into a disaster for the Shiba, and most of the dogs that did not die during the bombing did not survive the plague in the post-war years. After the war, shibas were brought from the remote countryside and breeding programs were established. The rest of the population was crossed to produce the Shiba as it is known today.

The Japanese Kennel Club was founded in 1948 and the Shiba Inu breed standard was developed by Nihon Ken Hozonkai, which was adopted by both the Japan Kennel Club and the International Cynological Federation.

The American service family imported the first Shiba Inu into the United States in 1954, but little was documented about the breed until the 1970s. The first litter in the USA was born in 1979. The Shiba Inu was recognized by the American Kennel Club in Miscellaneous Class in 1993 and received full status in the Non-Sporting Group in 1997.

The size

Males are between 37 and 42 centimeters tall and weigh about 10.5 kilograms. Females are 35 to 40 centimeters tall and weigh about 7.7 kilograms.

Personality

A well-bred Shiba Inu is good-natured, attentive and courageous. He is strong-willed and self-confident and often has his own ideas about things. He is loyal and attached to his family, although he is generally suspicious of strangers.

Shiba Inu are not very good at sharing. He tends to guard, sometimes aggressively, his food, toys, or territory. And he doesn't always get along with other dogs, especially if he's whole. He will not hesitate to pursue small animals that he considers prey.

It is a smart breed, but training a Shiba Inu is not like training a golden retriever. While Golden is happy to come when called, the Shiba Inu will come whenever he wants - or not. He is called stubborn, but free-thinking is probably a more positive way to characterize him.

Temperament is influenced by a number of factors, including heredity, learning, and socialization. Puppies with a good temperament are curious and playful, ready to approach people and be with them in their arms. Choose a middle class puppy, not the one who beats up his littermates or the one who is hiding in the corner.

Always date at least one parent - usually a mother who is available - to make sure they have a good temperament that you like. Meeting with siblings or other relatives of the parents also helps to assess how the puppy will be when it grows up.

Like any dog, the Shiba Inu at a young age needs early socialization - getting to know a lot of different people, looks, sounds and impressions. Socializing helps make your Shiba puppy a versatile dog.

Enrolling him in puppy daycare is a great start. Regularly inviting visitors and visiting lively parks, dog-friendly shops and leisurely walks to meet neighbors will also help him hone his social skills.

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Health

Shiba Inu are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases. Not all Shiba Inu will contract any or all of these diseases, but it is important to be aware of them if you are considering this breed.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health permits for both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been examined and cleared of a specific disease.

At Shiba Inus, you should expect to receive approval from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a grade or higher), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can validate your medical records by visiting the OFA website (offa.org).

  • Allergies: Allergies are common in dogs, including Shiba Inu. There are three main types of allergies: food allergy, which is treated by eliminating certain foods from the dog's diet; contact allergy caused by a reaction to topical substances such as bedding, flea powders, dog shampoos and other chemicals; and inhalation allergy caused by airborne allergens such as pollen, dust, mold. Treatment depends on the cause and may include dietary restrictions, medications, and environmental changes.
  • Chylothorax: Chylothorax is a condition that causes fluid to build up in the chest cavity. This congestion causes shortness of breath, decreased appetite, coughing, and lethargy. Chylothorax can be caused by an underlying medical condition. Treatment includes removing fluids, a low-fat diet, or, in severe cases, surgery.
  • Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a disease of dogs and humans. This is increased pressure in the eye, which manifests itself in two forms: primary, which is hereditary, and secondary, caused by a decrease in fluid in the eye due to other eye diseases. Symptoms include loss of vision and pain. Treatment and prognosis vary by type. Glaucoma is treated with eye drops or surgery.
  • Cancer: Symptoms that may indicate cancer in dogs include abnormal swelling of an ulcer or bump, sores that do not heal, bleeding from any opening in the body, and difficulty breathing or flowing. Cancer treatments include chemotherapy, surgery, and medications.
  • Epilepsy: Epilepsy is often inherited and can cause mild or severe seizures. Seizures can manifest in unusual behavior, such as running frantically, as if being chased, staggering, or fleeing. Seizure is scary to watch, but the long-term prognosis for dogs with idiopathic epilepsy is usually very good. It is important to remember that seizures can be caused by many other causes besides idiopathic epilepsy, such as metabolic disorders, infectious diseases affecting the brain, tumors, exposure to poisons, serious head injuries, and more.
  • Patella Dislocation: The patella is the patella. Dislocation means dislocation of the anatomical part (in the form of a bone in a joint). A patellar dislocation is when the knee joint (often of the back leg) shifts and shifts, causing pain. It can be unhealthy, but many dogs with this condition lead relatively normal lives.
  • Hypothyroidism: This is a thyroid disorder thought to cause conditions such as epilepsy, hair loss, obesity, lethargy, dark spots on the skin, and other skin conditions. It is treated with medicines and diet.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): PRA is a family of eye diseases that involve the progressive deterioration of the retina. In the early stages of the disease, dogs go blind at night. As the disease progresses, they also lose daytime vision. Many dogs adapt very well to limited or complete loss of vision if their environment remains the same.
  • Hip dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is an inherited disorder in which the hip bone does not fit snugly against the hip joint. Some dogs have pain and lameness in one or both hind legs, but you may not notice any signs of discomfort in a dog with hip dysplasia. As a dog ages, it can develop arthritis. Hip dysplasia x-rays are performed by the Animal Orthopedic Foundation or the University of Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program. Dogs with hip dysplasia should not be bred. If you are buying a puppy, ask the breeder to provide proof that the parents have been tested for hip dysplasia and are not having problems.
  • Tail chasing / spinning: Tail chasing or spinning is an unusual issue that is not yet fully understood. This usually starts at 6 months of age. The dog is obsessed with its tail and can circle for hours. He loses interest in food and water. All attempts to get the dog to stop the behavior fail. Sometimes the dog will squeal as it rotates and may try to bite. Research suggests spinning can be a type of seizure. Some dogs respond to phenobarbital treatment alone or in combination with other medications.

Care

Shiba Inu is best suited for a home with a fenced yard. This is an active breed that loves to play, walk or run with you. Giving him a place to wander will help him get rid of the self.

Socialization is important for this breed. Like any dog, he can become timid or grumpy if he is not socialized properly - not exposed to many different people, looks, sounds, and experiences - when he is young. Early socialization helps ensure that your Shiba Inu puppy grows up to be a versatile dog because he is suspicious of strangers and tends to be aggressive towards other dogs.

He will also chase small animals such as cats or squirrels that run away from him, triggering his prey instinct. For this reason, he should always be on a leash when outside his fenced yard.

One of the personality traits of the Shiba Inu is his dislike of containment, even if it is required for his own safety. He doesn't like wearing a collar or being on a leash. Leash training for this breed takes time and patience, but is a must.

Puppy and obedience lessons are recommended for Shiba Inu not only because of the lessons learned, but also because of how much they stimulate and socialize the dog. Work with a trainer who knows the breed. Do not be discouraged if the Shiba Inu is a difficult and strong-willed student - it is his nature. Consider it a challenge.

This breed is relatively easy to break into a house. Once your Shiba Inu understands the concept of where he needs to go, he will go to that area whenever he can. Cage training is a great home training tool that benefits every dog ​​and is a good way to make sure your Shiba Inu doesn't get caught up in domestic accidents or anything he shouldn't.

The box is also a place where he can retire and take a nap. Crate training at a young age will help your dog accept a conclusion should he ever need boarding or hospitalization. However, never stick a Shiba Inu in a drawer all day. This is not a prison, and he should not spend more than a few hours in it, unless he sleeps at night. Shiba Inu are not meant to be locked up in a cage or aviary.

Food

Recommended daily intake: 1/2 to 1.5 cups of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

Note. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans and not all need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Keep your Shiba Inu in good shape by measuring its food and feeding it twice a day, rather than leaving it on all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, check his eyesight and practice.

Look down at it first. You should be able to see your waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel, but not see, his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.

For more information on feeding a shiba, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

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Coat color and care

The Shiba Inu has a thick double coat that gives it the look of a teddy bear. The outer coat is coarse and straight, while the undercoat is soft and dense. It sheds moderately throughout the year and sheds heavily twice a year when it "blows" the coat (imagine a blizzard - but on your furniture and clothes).

Shiba Inu's coat is orange-red, urajiro (cream to white belly) and sesame (hair with black tips on a rich red background). Sometimes there are white markings on the tip of the tail, on the front and hind legs.

Shiba Inu are fairly easy to care for. This is a naturally pure, odorless dog. He really needs to comb through dead hair and apply oils once a week, or more often if he sheds heavily. It is also necessary to take a bath from time to time, but not too often, because excessive bathing will dry out his skin and coat. Many owners bathe their Shiba Inu every three to four months.

Brush your shiba teeth at least two or three times a week to remove plaque and bacteria lurking inside it. Brushing your teeth daily is even better if you want to prevent gum disease and bad breath.

Trim your nails once or twice a month, unless your dog wears out naturally, to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in dogs' toenails, and if you cut too deep, you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out of their scabbard. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

His ears should be checked weekly for redness or foul odor, which could indicate an infection. When you check your dog's ears, wipe them with a cotton swab dipped in a gentle pH-balanced ear cleaner to prevent infections. Do not insert anything into the ear canal; just clean your outer ear.

Start teaching your Shiba Inu to be cleaned and inspected while still a puppy. Often grab his paws - dogs are touchy to their feet - and look inside his mouth. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation on the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet while grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.

Children and other pets

The Shiba Inu is a good family dog ​​if properly raised and trained and socialized at a young age. He gets along with children who treat him kindly and respectfully.

As with any breed, you should always teach children to approach and touch dogs, and always monitor any interactions between dogs and young children to prevent bites pulling on the ear or tail from either side. Teach your child never to approach the dog while it is eating or sleeping, and not to try to pick up the dog's food. No dog, however friendly, should ever be left unattended with a child.

Early training and socialization helps the Shiba Inu get along with other dogs and animals in many ways, but this is not a guarantee. He can be aggressive towards other dogs and will chase animals that he considers prey. Training and keeping him on a leash is the best way to control the Shiba Inu with other dogs and animals.

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