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Small in size but large in temperament, the Yorkshire Terrier is a bold yet loving companion. The most popular breed of toy dog in the United States, the Yorkie has won many fans for its loyalty to its owners, its elegant appearance and its ability to live in an apartment.

Although they are purebred dogs, you can find them in shelters or rescue groups.

Йоркширский терьер

While Yorkies can make great pets, they also have a tendency to awe that neighbors might not appreciate. They also need a little care, especially when it comes to dental care. Although these puppies are playful, they are also small and can be injured by children. But if you can provide a lot of love, attention, care and pastime, you will have a loving adorable companion who will hold onto you like your shadow!

More details

Yorkshire Terrier or just York seems to be quite smug, and why not? The Yorkshire Terrier, with its long, silky coat and perky topknot, is one of the most glamorous representatives of the canine world and is sure to grab attention wherever he goes. Because he is so small, he often travels in style in special dog wallets worn by his beloved owner.

A long steel blue and brown coat may be the crowning glory of a Yorkie, but it's his personality that really attracts his family. Regardless of its small size (weighs no more than 3 kilograms), the Yorkshire Terrier is a large dog with a small body, always on the lookout for adventure and perhaps even a little trouble.

Yorkshire Terriers are attached to their people, as you would expect from a companion dog, but true to their terrier heritage, they are sometimes suspicious of strangers and bark at strange sounds and intruders. Considering your neighbors, it is important to reduce their irritability and teach them when and when not to bark.

They can also be aggressive towards stranger dogs, and no squirrel is immune from them.

Despite their bravado, Yorkshire Terriers also have a soft side. They need a lot of attention and time with their family. Long hours of loneliness are not for them. However, overprotecting your Yorkie is not a good idea; they will very quickly grasp your feelings, and if your actions say that the world is dangerous for them, they can become neurotic.

Because of their size, Yorkshire Terriers do better with older children, who have been taught to respect them, than with toddlers and young children. They can become irritable if scared or teased.

If they play sports every day - maybe play well in the living room or take a walk around the house - Yorkies make great house dogs.

No matter what house they live in, they will get along with other local dogs and cats - as long as they grow up with them. Yorkies can become owners of their owners if a new pet is brought into the house. As terriers, they may want to challenge the "intruder," and if a fight breaks out, the spirit of the terrier will fight to the death. Be very careful when introducing your Yorkie to a new animal.

Glamorous coat, small size, energetic character and unwavering dedication to his people. Is it any wonder that Yorkshire Terriers are the second most popular dog breed in the United States today?

Йоркширский терьер

Peculiarities

  • Yorkshire Terriers are difficult to house train.
  • Yorkshire Terriers do not like the cold and are prone to chills, especially if they are damp or in damp places.
  • Due to their small size, thin structure, and terrier personality, the Yorkshire Terrier is generally not recommended for families with toddlers or young children.
  • Some Yorkshire Terriers may bark, barking at every sound they hear. Early and consistent learning can help. If you do not feel skilled enough to do this training, see a professional trainer.
  • Yorkshire Terriers have a delicate digestive system and are very picky about their food. Eating problems can arise if your Yorkie also has dental or gum problems. If your Yorkie has any discomfort while eating or after eating, take him to the vet for a check-up.
  • Yorkshire Terriers consider themselves to be large dogs and, if allowed, will try to get into a fight with a large dog. Be sure to keep your Yorke under control. Better yet, try to socialize your Yorkie at an early age by taking him to obedience lessons.
  • Yorkies tend to retain their puppy teeth, especially their canines. When your puppy is about five months old, check his teeth often. If you notice that an adult tooth is trying to erupt, but the baby tooth is still in place, show it to your veterinarian. Residual deciduous teeth can lead to uneven adhesion of adult teeth, which can contribute to tooth decay in later years.
  • To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy factory or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests their breeding dogs to make sure they don't have genetic diseases that they can pass on to their puppies and that they have a healthy temperament.

History

During the Industrial Revolution in England, Scottish workers came to Yorkshire to work in coal mines, textile mills and mills, bringing with them a dog known as the Clydesdale Terrier or Paisley Terrier. These dogs were much larger than the Yorkshire Terriers we know today and are believed to have been used primarily for catching rats in factories.

Clydesdale Terriers were probably crossed with other types of terriers, possibly the English Black and Tan Toy Terrier and Skye Terrier. The aquatic terrier may have also contributed to the development of the Yorkshire terrier. It was a small dog with long blue-gray hair.

In 1861, the Yorkshire Terrier was shown on the bench as the "Broken-coated Scotch Terrier." A dog named Huddersfield Ben, born in 1865, has become a popular show dog and is considered the father of the modern Yorkshire Terrier. The breed received this name in 1870, because it was here that most of its development took place.

Yorkshire Terriers were first registered in the British Kennel Club studbook in 1874. The first Yorkshire Terrier breed club in England was founded in 1898.

The earliest record for the birth of Yorkshire terriers in the United States was recorded in 1872. Yorkshire Terriers could participate in dog shows as early as 1878. At these early shows, the Yorkshire Terrier classes were divided by weight - less than 2 kilograms and over 2 kilograms. In the end, the participants settled on one class with an average weight of 1.3 to 3 kilograms.

The size

A Yorkshire Terrier should be 20 to 22 centimeters at the shoulder and weigh no more than 1.3 kilograms, preferably 1.8 to 2.7 kilograms.

Yorkies are inconsistent in size. In one litter, it is not unusual that one Yorkie weighs less than 1.8 kilograms, one 2.2 or 2.7 kilograms, and the third grows to 5.4 - 6.8 kilograms.

Beware of breeders who offer a teacup Yorkshire terrier. Dogs smaller than standard size are prone to genetic disorders and are generally at higher health risks.

Personality

The smart and confident Yorkshire Terrier is a combination of adorable small size and adventurous terrier spirit. The breed displays a range of personalities. Some of them are nice and funny, they want nothing more than to follow in their people's footsteps during the day. Others are mischievous, outgoing and all around.

Set limits and your Yorkie will be a great companion, but if you pamper him, beware! Start exercising when they are puppies and you will be much more fortunate than if you let them get their way and then try to fix the bad habits.

Like all dogs, Yorkies need early socialization - getting to know many different people, looks, sounds, and experiences - at a young age. Socializing helps make your Yorkie a friendly and versatile dog.

Health

Yorkies are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain diseases.

If you are buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you the health permits for both of your puppy's parents. Health certificates prove that the dog has been screened and cleared of a specific disease. In Yorkies, you should expect to obtain approval from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (satisfactory or higher), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand disease; from Auburn University on Thrombopathy; and from the Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) confirming that the eyes are normal. You can validate your medical records by visiting the OFA website (offa.org).

  • Patellar dislocation: This problem, also known as "knee misalignment", is common in small dogs. It is caused by misalignment of the patella, which is made up of three parts - the femur (femur), the patella (patella), and the tibia (shin). This causes a limp in the leg or an abnormal gait in the dog. It is a condition that is present at birth, although the actual displacement or dislocation does not always occur much later. Friction caused by a dislocated patella can lead to arthritis, which is a degenerative joint disease. There are four degrees of patellar dislocation, from grade I, which is an accidental dislocation that causes temporary lameness in the joint, to grade IV, in which the rotation of the tibia is severe and the patella cannot be manually moved. This gives the dog a bow-legged appearance.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA): a degenerative eye disease. PRA-induced blindness is a slow process involving the loss of photoreceptors in the back of the eye. PRA is found years before a dog shows any signs of blindness. Reputable breeders undergo an annual certification of their dogs' eyes by a veterinary ophthalmologist.
  • Portosystemic shunt: A portosystemic shunt (PSS) is an abnormal blood flow between the liver and the body. This is a problem because the liver is responsible for detoxifying the body, metabolizing nutrients, and eliminating drugs. Signs may include, but are not limited to, neurobehavioral disorders, lack of appetite, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), recurrent gastrointestinal problems, urinary tract problems, drug intolerance, and growth retardation. Symptoms usually appear before the age of two. With long-term treatment, corrective surgery can help, as well as a special diet.
  • Hypoglycemia: Like many toy and small breed dogs, Yorkies can suffer hypoglycemia when stressed, especially when they are puppies. Hypoglycemia is caused by low blood sugar. Some of the signs may include weakness, confusion, unsteady gait, and seizures. If your dog is susceptible to this condition, talk to your veterinarian about prevention and treatment options.
  • Tracheal collapse: The trachea, which carries air into the lungs, tends to collapse easily. The most common sign of tracheal collapse is a chronic, dry, harsh cough, which many describe as a "goose-honk" cough. Tracheal collapse can be treated with medication or surgery.
  • Reverse sneezing: This condition is sometimes confused with tracheal collapse. It is a much less serious condition that only lasts a few minutes. Reverse sneezing usually occurs when your dog is agitated or tries to eat or drink too quickly. It can also happen when there is pollen or other irritants in the air. Discharge from the dog's nose falls on the soft palate, causing it to close over the trachea in an automatic reaction. This can scare your Yorkie a lot, but once he calms down, the reverse sneeze stops. Lightly stroke his throat to relax.
  • Eye infections and problems with teeth and gums can also occur.

Йоркширский терьер

Care

Yorkshire Terriers love to walk with you or play outside, but since they are very active indoors, it doesn't take much effort to keep them in good physical shape.

In general, Yorkies are receptive to learning, especially if it gets their attention for doing cute tricks or doing dexterity or obedience exercises. However, they can be difficult to domesticate because their "accidents" are so small and easy to clean up that people are oblivious to it. This is mistake. Better to show them where to go from the start and reward them for running their business in the right place. When you put in the effort, you can actually get a very well trained Yorkie.

They are definitely house dogs and do not tolerate extreme heat or cold. Many people train their Yorkshire terriers on paper so they don't have to take them outside when the weather is too hot or cold.

Yorkies love squeaky toys, but it's important to check the toy every few days to make sure they haven't gnawed or pulled out the squeaker. They especially enjoy bringing the toys you throw at them. If you're creative, try crocheting a york ball - larger than a golf ball but smaller than a tennis ball - and stuffing it with used tights. He'll love it!

Nutrition

Recommended daily intake: 1/2 to 3/4 cup of high quality dry food per day, divided into two meals.

Note. How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are as individual as humans, and not all of them need the same amount of food. It goes without saying that a very active dog will need more than a house dog. The quality of the dog food you buy also matters - the better the dog food, the further it will feed your dog and the less you will need to pour into the dog's bowl.

Make sure your Yorkie doesn't get fat. Raleigh poly is not the best option for this elegant breed. Keep your Yorkie in good shape by measuring his food and feeding him twice a day, rather than leaving food on all the time. If you are not sure if he is overweight, check his eyesight and practice.

Look down at it first. You should be able to see your waist. Then place your hands on his back, thumbs along the spine, fingers spread down. You should be able to feel, but not see, his ribs without having to press hard. If you can't, he needs less food and more exercise.

To learn more about feeding your Yorkshire Terrier, see our recommendations for buying the right food, feeding your puppy and adult dog.

Coat color and care

The Yorkshire Terrier's coat is long, silky and perfectly straight, without a hint of wave. In show dogs, the coat reaches the floor. They have a single coat and shed very little.

Puppies are born black with a gradual development of a blue-brown coat, usually after they are one year old. Puppies that start to lighten before they are one year old often turn gray rather than blue.

From the back of the head to the tip of the tail, the hair is dark steel in color, sometimes described as the blue of the barrel of a rifle, with a bluish sheen in the sun. The head is bright gold, not reddish, with brown hairs that are darker at the roots than at the ends. The head (hair falling over the face) is long, the same golden hue as the face.

The hair at the base of the ears and on the muzzle is slightly darker. A tan on the head does not extend beyond the ears, and black hair does not mix with tan. Yorkshire Terriers also have brown paws, but the tan is no higher than the elbow.

An interesting fact is that Yorkies become lighter with age. Hormonal changes can also affect color. Females brighten when hunting, and after the end of the season they darken again.

Long-haired Yorkshire Terrier grooming is not for the faint of heart, especially if it has a “soft” coat that tangle-free, not silky! Even if you keep his coat cut short, brush your Yorkie's coat gently every day to prevent rugs and keep him clean.

Small breeds are prone to dental problems and Yorkies are no exception. Yorkshire Terriers tend to form a lot of tartar on their teeth and can lose teeth at a young age, so brush your teeth regularly and schedule a professional cleaning by your veterinarian at least once a year.

Check your Yorkie's ears regularly while caring for him. Take a look inside and take a good sniff. If they appear to be infected (have a foul odor, redness, or brown discharge), ask your veterinarian to examine them. If you have hair in your ear canal, pluck it out with your fingers or ask your veterinarian or hairdresser to do it for you.

Bathe your Yorkie weekly to keep his coat beautiful and shiny. The coat does not need to be rubbed to wash it. After wetting the coat and applying shampoo, all you have to do is run your fingers over it to remove the dirt. Apply conditioner, then rinse thoroughly.

When you dry your Yorkie, spray it with a light conditioner. Dampen the coat with a light conditioner as you comb it. Never brush dry or dirty coat, otherwise you will break your hair.

Trim your Yorkie's nails after each bath to prevent painful tears and other problems. If you hear them clicking on the floor, they are too long. There are blood vessels in dogs' toenails, and if you cut too far, you can cause bleeding - and your dog may not cooperate the next time he sees the nail clippers come out of their sheath. So, if you have no experience with clipping dog nails, ask your vet or groomer for pointers.

When grooming your Yorkie, be sure to check the anal area and trim it with scissors if the hair gets too long. It is usually sufficient to trim about an inch and a half of the hair around it.

After combing your Yorkie and he is dry, collect the hair on the top of his head, starting at the outer corner of the eye, returning at an angle to the center of the head, and then down again to the outer corner of the other eye. Comb this hair and secure it with latex tape, then add your favorite bow.

Start teaching your Yorkie to be cleaned and inspected while still a puppy. Grab his paws often - dogs are sensitive to their paws - and look inside his mouth. Make self-care a positive experience filled with praise and rewards, and you'll lay the foundation for light veterinary checkups and other procedures as he grows up.

Check for sores, rashes, or signs of infection such as redness, soreness, or inflammation on the skin, nose, mouth, eyes, and feet while grooming. The eyes should be clean, without redness or discharge. Your thorough weekly check-up will help you identify potential health problems earlier.

Children and other pets

Due to their small size, Yorkies are not suitable for families with small children. Most breeders do not sell puppies to people whose children are under 5 or 6 years old. It is too easy for children to drop, step on or hold too tightly.

Yorkies can get along well with other pets, including cats, if introduced to them at an early age. They boldly hunt other people's dogs, but even those that outweigh them tenfold, and protecting them from themselves becomes second nature for people with Yorkies.

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